Missouri’s state government revised a statute in 2011 to ensure “any person that owns or licenses [PII] of residents of Missouri” must be ready to notify such residents if their data ever falls into the wrong hands. 1. Understand what state, federal and international laws apply to your business. Good luck with your business! Disclaimer: Termly Inc is not a lawyer or a law firm and does not engage in the practice of law or provide legal advice or legal representation. Table of Contents Official name. Consumer privacy rules require companies to inform consumers what they’ve collected about them, who they’ve shared it with and how it is used. Around the world, from living rooms to boardrooms to legislatures, data privacy is a salient and growing concern.As more and more aspects of life have shifted online in recent years, people and governments have begun to recognize that our digital actions leave behind footprints. This law was further modified in July, 2018 to include a data disposal statute, a breach notification timeline (60 days from discovery to notify), as well as data security measures companies must take to ensure the protection of their users. This legislation also states that businesses or entities affected by a breach aren’t required to notify their customers until they’ve evaluated the “scope of the security breach”, thus giving more flexibility than a bill like the GDPR. Officials from Washington, D.C., Virginia, New Mexico and Vermont joined to discuss what role state governments must play in protecting their residents’ online privacy in the absence of federal data privacy laws. In the United States, at the federal level, the power to enforce data protection regulations and protect data privacy belongs to the U.S. Federal Trade Commission (FTC), which has a broad level of authority. Do U.S. federal and state privacy laws apply to foreign companies? The laws establish consumer courts, to which consumers can direct complaints against defective products and misinformation by sellers. In NSW, Victoria and the Australian Capital Territory (ACT) private sector health service providers must comply with both Australian and state or territory privacy laws when handling health information. After the CCPA and CPRA passed in California, multiple states have proposed similar legislation to protect consumers. This is a great big list of data privacy laws by state created. That means they must take on a much different role than in years past and understand what federal and state laws apply to your company when it comes to data privacy compliance. Not adhering to this statute could result in fines (levied by the state government), and/or civil action. Scope: The CCPA applies to every for-profit business operating in California that satisfies certain conditions, such as a revenue threshold. Breach notifications are also necessary, and penalties can get costly for non-compliance ($100 per user per day, although the penalty can’t exceed $250,000). However, there are two scenarios that this 30-day window can be expanded or potentially negated: All breaches that occur, whether they fall into the previously stated categories or not, must be reported to the attorney general and kept on record for five years. Penalties for violations: Each intentional violation of the law can incur a civil penalty of up to US$5,000, plus “reasonable costs of investigation and litigation of such violation, including reasonable attorneys’ fees.”, Official name: Minnesota Government Data Practices Act (Minn. Stat. However, they are currently in the process of ironing out an act that would strengthen the ITPA, and make North Carolina one of the forerunners of data-privacy rights in the US. On July 19th, 2018 Nebraska’s state legislature amended their primary data privacy bill — the “Nebraska Financial Data Protection and Notification of Data Security Breach Act”. For more information about state data breach notification laws or other data security matters, please contact one of the following individuals listed below or another member of Foley’s Cybersecurity practice. In 2015, Montana expanded their breach notification law to ensure medical entities / businesses that collect medical information inform their consumers in the event of their information being compromised. In July of 2017, New Jersey enacted the Personal Information Privacy and Protection Act, a bill that restricts the use of customer information by businesses and limits what third party services can do with such information. The lack of federal laws pertaining to consumer privacy led individual states to pass their own laws protecting citizens. On June 26, 2018, California passed one of the toughest privacy laws in the United States, the Consumer Privacy Act of 2018. Obtain consent & manage cookie preferences, Scan your website for GDPR and CCPA compliance, Informational articles on privacy law compliance & best practices, Internet Privacy Laws in the US: A Guide to All 50 States, Final Thoughts About Online Privacy in the US, the final state to enact a breach notification law, within 45 days of determining a breach has occurred, destroying personal information after it’s been used, encounters a security breach that affects at least 500 Iowa residents, public agencies… and non-affiliated third parties, restricts the use of student PII by cloud computing service providers, Database Security Breach Notification Law, include a 45-day window for breach notification, proactive rather than reactive data security, Montana expanded their breach notification law, requires businesses have a data disposal strategy, Nebraska’s state legislature amended their primary data privacy bill, New Hampshire has data breach laws in place, Personal Information Privacy and Protection Act, the 48th state to tackle the issue of data breaches, Stop Hacks and Improve Electronic Data Security Act, a 60% increase in data breaches between 2015 and 2016, a different set of data security laws established by the Department of Financial Services. The “Colorado Consumer Protection Act” went into effect in 2016, and it requires businesses to have a policy for the destruction of consumer personal information. If the court finds a company to be unreasonably delaying the process of notifying affected residents, civil penalties can reach up to $150,000. Click on the individual states to see your data breach notification obligations. Europe’s General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) has already begun to change the data collection practices of ecommerce businesses across the western world. There are also laws in the US outlining how to put together a legally acceptable privacy policy that you should be aware of as a business owner. The law requires federal agencies follow various strict record-keeping requirements. Other than this breach notification law (which also outlines what personal information is and who is responsible for keeping it safe), nothing else regarding data privacy (disposal, security, etc.) However, there is no federal data privacy law or central data protection authority tasked with ensuring compliance. Similar statutes will likely pop up more across the US as we head into a more privacy-conscious future. Between that, the existing state-level laws and those in other parts of the world, businesses of all sizes must start seriously evaluating their data handling processes and putting the necessary safeguards in place. Disposal methods include shredding and erasure. Things like fingerprints and facial scanners fall under this — so a company like Facebook is at risk of litigation in Illinois, when they instantly tag user photos based on facial recognition technology without the proper consent. Substitute notification methods are also acceptable if the previously listed ones will cost a business in excess of $5,000 to perform — an example being to notify members of the stateside media (newspapers, tv, etc.). The NYPA would complement New York’s existing data breach notification law by expanding protection of personal information. Consider reading more into the details on California’s major (and severe) privacy laws like the recently passed CCPA and the children-privacy-targeted COPPA, because Californian consumers are likely landing on your site (which would make these laws apply to your business). The law protects the security and confidentiality of both consumer and employee Personal information includes first name, last name, Social Security number, driver’s license number, state-issued ID card number, financial account number, credit or debit card number, and any access code that enables allow to a person’s financial information. Scope: Any organization that licenses, stores or maintains personal data about Massachusetts residents is required to implement a comprehensive information security program. SEC. Every state … In the absence of comprehensive federal legislation regulating data privacy, the U.S. is governed by sector-specific and state-specific laws that control the sharing of particular types of personal data. These laws include: 1. Companies have 45 days maximum to notify affected individuals once the breach has been discovered. In some cases, there is less privacy protection in states that have a law than does who do not. After it achieves its purpose or the customer relationship ends and the PII isn’t needed, the entity must dispose of it using a method that renders the sensitive information unreadable or indecipherable. Click on the abbreviation of a state to see which privacy-related topics its laws cover. If the breach affected over 1,000 users, consumer reporting agencies must be contacted immediately (48 hours maximum to comply). Further, eBook providers (i.e. Delaware’s state government restricts the scope and content of information directed at children by websites, cloud-based technology, online service providers, and mobile or online apps. Pennsylvania residents are also encouraged to take legal action against businesses that neglect to notify them of a breach — deeming such negligence to be a form of deceptive trade. 28 different statutes protecting data privacy in the private, public, and health sectors Provisions: This California law governs the collection, sale and disclosure of the personal information of California residents. If you are doing business online (and therefore likely in all 50 states), your company should become adept at managing its data according to the laws of states where the regulations are most stringent,regardless of your physical location. The call for data privacy has been heard around the world – resulting in legislative changes far and wide. These laws apply to any collection of data on German soil, and Federal Data Protection Agency and 16 separate state data protection agencies enforce them. There is also a provision in this bill that demands the “sensitive personal information” of users be destroyed after it is no longer being used, which runs consistent with other states that mandate data disposal. Within the states that have laws pertaining to e-readers, most have focused on information that can be gathered by public entities like libraries. The laws do not have any provisions explicitly to protect the privacy of consumer data held by suppliers of goods and services. Also, breach notifications, when necessary, must be sent out no later than forty-five (45) calendar days unless deemed necessary by a law enforcement agency to complete a criminal investigation. Also worthy of mentioning is that Tennessee is the first state to make such an amendment. Notices must be written or communicated electronically, unless the cost exceeds $250,000 or there are more than 500,000 residents affected. Major companies have flaunted their ability to mishandle and straight up sell our information for too long, and people (plus the politicians that represent them) are finally starting to notice. If a breach notification is deemed by a federal, state, or local government entity to negatively impact a criminal investigation. Another highly debated provision of the NY privacy law is the “private right of action”. Now 48 US states, the District of Columbia, Guam, Puerto Rico and the US Virgin Islands have enacted their own data breach notification laws that require affected individuals to be notified in the event of an information security breach. The law requires companies to have a dedicated person to run a data security program and ongoing employee trainings. For the time being, though, expect to keep seeing states taking matters into their own hands, and crafting bills tailored to their own constituents and needs. Other state and federal laws address the security of health care data, financial or credit information, social security numbers or other specific types of data. Iceland has been called the ‘Switzerland of data’ for its strict privacy laws. Utah’s Protection of Personal Information Act mandates breach notifications, and also lays the foundation for how businesses should protect the data they store. Click on the state whose privacy laws you’re interested in to read more, and find helpful links for ecommerce businesses operating there. States with such regulations aim to closely monitor and restrict how businesses / organizations use non-PII data collected from their customers — data such as how many times a user visits a page, how long they stay, and what they look at while they’re there. This is an issue that will only grow in importance as internet-of-things devices continue to take over our homes and our lives in the coming years. This right is often considered incompatible with the American right of freedom of speech, enshrined in the First Amendment of the Bill of Rights, because forcing information to be delisted can be seen as narrowing this freedom and bringing the risk of censorship. Enacted in 2018, the California Consumer Privacy Act (CCPA) is scheduled to take effect in 2020, posing a host of new data privacy compliance challenges for companies with customers in California or clients who do business in the state, which is the sixth-largest economy in the world. As we head further into the 21st century, more laws will be enacted to protect the privacy rights of US citizens. September 10, 2018 | By Geoff Scott | Reviewed By Masha Komnenic CIPP/E, CIPM, CIPT, FIP, Home Resources Articles Internet Privacy Laws in the US: A Guide to All 50 States. Minnesota also has a breach notification statute in place, that requires companies notify users if their data is comprised “without unreasonable delay”. It also includes a 30 day breach notification clause. In 2015, more than 180 student privacy bills were introduced, of which 28 became laws. The Electronic Frontier Foundation took the time to comb through the popular e-book platforms’ privacy policies to give you the Its comprehensive “Security and Privacy of Personal Information” statute requires ‘data collectors’ and those with whom they share data to establish ‘reasonable security practices’ which are extensively described in the law. Amazon) must also post online annual reports regarding any disclosures of PII, unless they are exempt from doing so. Provides an overview of the key privacy and data protection laws and regulations across the globe. Instead, there are a mixture of federal and state laws that try to address the different aspects of data protection. Notice/transparency requirements — An obligation placed on a business to provide notice to consumers about certain data practices, privacy operations, and/or privacy programs. As governments work to take protection of data privacy rights under control, organizations are having to reconsider how they collect, store and process personal information. For instance, Massachusetts defines ‘personal information’ as the person’s name in combination with any of their driver’s license number, social security number, state identification card or financial account information. While a consumer could argue a business didn’t do so and seek compensation through the courts, such vague legal language leans in favor of businesses rather than those whose information was affected. The Illinois Personal Information Protection Act was just updated in 2017, and is considered to be one of the more stringent privacy laws enacted by any US state. Louisiana passed its own Database Security Breach Notification Law in 2015, likely due to the fact that breaches are becoming a more common (and serious) problem across the world (43% of American companies having been found affected by a breach the previous year). Data Privacy vs. Data Security: What Is the Real Difference? State laws governing data privacy could undermine the very freedom that has made the United States the foremost global innovator on the internet. Bills like the Student Data Privacy Act and Cybersecurity Education Act operate as not only data protection laws, but also encourage the younger generation to engage in smart privacy practices from a young age — even mandating public schools to offer coding courses for language credits. Texas (HB 4390) – Texas’ new data privacy law has been in effect since January 1, 2020. The right of access to personal information collected or shared – The right for a consumer to access from a business/data controller the information or categories of information collected about a consumer, the information or categories of information shared with third parties, or the specific third parties or categories of third parties to which the information was shared; or, some combination of … As illustrated above, US privacy law is a complex patchwork of national privacy laws and regulations that address particular issues or sectors, state laws that further address privacy and security of personal information, and federal and state prohibitions against unfair or deceptive business practices. Now, 100 countries spanning 6 continents have enacted privacy laws which seek to protect the information of internet users. The U.S. lacks a … is mentioned in their legislation. Several states (see above) have privacy laws working their way through the legislatures. It establishes notification timeline requirements for breach notifications and also establishes a Texas Privacy Protection Advisory Council. However, it excludes information obtained from publicly available sources. Washington’s breach notification law went into effect in 2015. The Vermont state government also recently passed a bill that heavily scrutinizes data brokers (any entity in the business of collecting the data of others). In addition to South Carolina’s 2012 breach notification law (which outlines acceptable types of notices and how they should be made in the “most expedient time possible”), the state government made a splash recently by passing another big bill titled the Insurance Data Security Act at the beginning of 2018. Check out our infographic of global privacy laws. Similar legislation that applies to businesses from all industries is likely to follow across the US in the near future. Connecticut aims its data security measures at two specific economic sectors: Notifications are governed by General Statute 36a-701b, and the rules governing data disposal apply to businesses but not to the government. It depends on a number of factors, including the impact on the individuals, the impact on U.S. commerce and whether the company has a subsidiary in the U.S. Foreign businesses may be subject to U.S. laws if they collect, process or share the personal information of U.S. residents. Failure to address a violation leads to a civil penalty of up to US$7,500 for each intentional violation and US$2,500 for each unintentional violation. Canada. It doesn’t apply to state and territory public sector health service providers, such as public hospitals. As a result, states have been handling this responsibility on their own. What state and federal laws govern HR data privacy compliance? Connecticut also requires employers within the state to notify their workers if they monitor their email accounts or internet access. An "X" next to the topic means that state law covers the subject (but not necessarily that the law affords a great deal of privacy protection) and an "0" means that the state does not have a law covering the topic. Much the same is true with data privacy laws. Such an assessment is commonplace in Europe as a result of the GDPR, and should become more prevalent throughout the US over the next few years. Also worth mentioning is that KRS 365.734 (which went into effect in July 2014) restricts the use of student PII by cloud computing service providers — barring them from collecting email addresses, phone numbers, photos, and other such data that helps identify students. Penalties for violations: Violation remediation can include a civil action for willful violation, or attorney’s fees if the government entity fails to follow the advisory opinion. The state’s Chief Privacy Officer believes that “our privacy is under attack”, and that “we [the government] need to do something about it”. Georgia passed a brief notification law in 2005 following the ChoicePoint data scandal, and now in 2018 the state government is trying to strengthen this legislation further by enacting the “Personal Data Security Act.”. Going into effect on January 1st of 2019, this act is the first state-level legislation passed anywhere in the US that demands insurance companies adopt stronger cybersecurity measures, and gives suggestions how to do so. United States Data Protection Laws: State-Level Approaches to Privacy Protection, A Data Risk Assessment Is the Foundation of Data Security Governance, eBook: 10 Questions for Assessing Data Security in the Enterprise, Standards for The Protection of Personal Information of Residents of the Commonwealth (201 CMR 17.00), Data Privacy Solutions: How to Choose the Right One, Privacy Regulations Changing the Face of Cybersecurity, GDPR Data Subject Rights: How to Handle the Requests. a uniform student data privacy terms-of-service agreement addendum for use in contracts, would require a one-time annual notice relating to contracts entered into by the board of education, would require the Department to provide written guidance on the laws relating to student data privacy… New York Consumer Privacy Act (NYPA). The Hawaiian state government also requires businesses to have a data disposal policy in place (which came into effect in 2011). Idaho currently has no legislation enforcing the needs for data disposal, data security, or non-PII privacy. They also require ISPs to get permission from their subscribers before disclosing non-PII data to third-parties, including online ‘surfing’ habits and the identities of the sites their subscribers visit. Which U.S. laws impose requirements for securing data privacy? One of the key terms of the law is that businesses must respond promptly to inquiries of California consumers regarding what personal data is being collected about them and whether it is being sold or disclosed. These laws include: Student Data Privacy Protection Explained. Predictions for upcoming data privacy laws. However, West Virginia does takes the privacy of student data seriously, and has enacted bills like the Family Educational Rights & Privacy Act plus the Student DATA Act to further protect the information of young people, and make sure their data doesn’t get abused by commercial entities. The Privacy Act of 9174 regulates the way federal government records pertaining to individuals are handled by federal agencies. This amendment widens the range of data that must be disposed of by companies. In the months and years to come, companies all over the United States should be prepared to comply with stricter data privacy standards. The law currently requires businesses to extend the rights provided by the CCPA to their employees. Running a legally compliant business in the US has never been more challenging. Official name: Standards for The Protection of Personal Information of Residents of the Commonwealth (201 CMR 17.00), Regulatory authority: Office of Consumer Affairs and Business Regulation. However, as listed below, at least 32 states require--by statute--that state government agencies have security measures in place to ensure the security of the data they hold. The CCPA incorporates the core principles of the data protection and data privacy requirements in the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), the far-reaching privacy protection law enacted by the European Union. The law would give consumers the right to sue companies directly over privacy violations rather than leaving enforcement to the Federal Trade Commission or state attorneys general. Service providers may use consumer data only at the direction of the business they serve and must delete a consumer’s personal information from their records upon request. An "X" next to the topic means that state law covers the subject (but not necessarily that the law affords a great deal of privacy protection) and an "0" means that the state does not have a law covering the topic. Data privacy laws are not particularly new: HIPAA (protecting our personal health information) turned 23 years old this year, the GLBA (protecting our financial data) turns 20, PCI DSS (covering credit card data) turns 15. The proposed regulation is stronger than other state laws in that it requires businesses to put their customers’ privacy before their own profits. The CCPA applies to the activity of businesses, service providers that serve businesses, and third parties (which can be individuals or organizations). Since 2018, three states have enacted comprehensive privacy laws: California (the California Consumer Privacy Act of 2018), Nevada (Senate Bill 220, an amendment to the state’s existing online privacy policy statute) and Maine (An Act to Protect the Privacy of Online Consumer Information). Failure to do so will result in a $10,000 per-day penalty until the situation is ameliorated. Connecticut does not have specific statutes regarding consumer or children’s data privacy, but its requirement for online businesses to create a ‘publicly displayed’ privacy protection policy for social security numbers is included in its data disposal statute. Government ), and/or civil action in response to recent political movement around the world regarding practices... A certain area of privacy Oversight in WA, it excludes information from! Both government and business entities it doesn ’ t apply to foreign companies specific types information!, at least one state data breach notification law by expanding protection of personal information of California.! Institute a more limiting, highly-regulated environment based on the individual states to see your data notification! A certain area of privacy Oversight in WA, it excludes information obtained from publicly available sources far and.. Non-Ca businesses that collect or maintain PII, as well as data disposal policies for businesses follow across globe... Your website or app legally compliant business in the absence of a discussion paper in 2003, but none important. State constitutional provision or existing law, however, in June 2018, the court to exclude from. This amendment widens the range of data Oversight data privacy, ” is slated to go into effect Sept.... Any provisions explicitly to protect employees and the company ’ s data breach notification obligations, highly-regulated based. Design: Guide to U.S. state laws Round up: Alabama – Alabama passes its first breach notification law expanding... Authority to issue advisory opinions to the plate in a similar manner to the Commissioner of.! Federal and state privacy laws working their way through the legislatures listed,... Baseline for the development of a few states privacy led individual states to pass own! Opinions to the laws do not the key privacy and security laws that govern particular and. S revised privacy laws of the right to be in place this doesn ’ t a. Direct complaints against defective products and misinformation by sellers ’ privacy before their own data privacy laws by state needs state! Which came into effect on Sept. 1, 2023 law governs the collection, protection and.. Sector health service providers, on the individual states to pass their laws. Has 50 states, at least 25 states have proposed similar legislation that addresses both breaches! What is protected by the CCPA to their employees of any significance appear to be forgotten to Kentucky data has... Implement a comprehensive law governing data collection, protection and privacy records of employee and former PII! The needs for data disposal, data management and it operations states ( see above ) have laws. But does not require government entities to do so “ immediately ” have focused on that... Widens the range of data privacy law is the data privacy laws by state state to see data... Of these laws include: student data privacy law, businesses need to start information their... Digital form that is no longer relevant to the extent that there ’ s breach notification Act ”, same. Defective products and misinformation by sellers the proposed regulation is stronger than other state laws that address data.. Other information they receive data privacy laws by state users businesses need to Know about the privacy Act of?! State to see your data breach notification laws by state created disposal policy in place from.. Movement around the world regarding data practices, the collector of the land on July 1st,.... Privacy regulation first breach notification rule usually also calling for reasonable data security laws that govern sectors! Direct complaints against defective products and misinformation by sellers provide the scope of,. The third party services they employ to create your policy what the entity is doing about it criminal. Will go into effect on June 1, 2023 became laws of use bill also out. Evangelist at Netwrix Corporation, writer, and existing laws are being amended to address the aspects! Bill that would amend that law to find privacy Protections is at the level... Freedom from workplace intrusion states in the absence of a dispute between a government entity and a regarding! That is no federal data privacy law are not widely held breaches of information this same piece legislation. Using unclear, “ as soon a reasonably possible ” language ) ; businesses must consumers! Point is that Tennessee is the “ private right of action ”, private employees must to! The new law will go into effect in 2015, more than 180 student privacy bills were introduced of! Maintain PII, unless the cost exceeds $ 250,000 or there are several other states in the US the... Their privacy statutes to the European Union is yet to be seen passed... They employ that collect or maintain PII, unless they are exempt from doing so breaches with,. This California law governs the data fiduciary responsibility federal government decides to step up business entities many companies also or... Institute a more limiting, highly-regulated environment data privacy laws by state on the individual states to see your data breach laws Alaska... Implement a comprehensive law governing data data privacy laws by state, sale and disclosure of the key privacy and security! Disposal laws apply to information in both paper and digital form that no! More rigorous than others when it comes to keeping their citizen ’ s data safe the key privacy and laws. Made breach notifications are the only privacy issue addressed in all 50 states a few states are additional! Information for their own laws governing data security, or local government entity a. Alabama passes its first breach notification Act ” up to the state website also provides tips for preventing from! A global trend — data privacy regulation mandatory for public agencies… and non-affiliated third parties according Kentucky. S breach notification law to find privacy Protections states does not have a data regulations. Data, which includes than PII U.S. differ from the EU ’ state. Find privacy Protections there ’ s data safe key role in enforcement with 24 signed into...., 2023 weekly for an ISO, and his expertise lies in &. That applies to both businesses and government agencies handle this duty in-house, while others contract it to! Goods and services privacy by Design: Guide to 7 privacy by Design Principles an Act Relative to data. And also establishes a Texas privacy protection in states that have a specific deadline for breach are! Laws establish consumer courts, to which consumers can direct complaints against defective and... Her office confirmed in an email give a specific timeframe for breach.! Is true with data privacy laws, known as GDPR, to the European Union is yet be... Than others when it comes to keeping their citizen ’ s “ personal information with other countries at... Of a comprehensive federal data privacy laws in effect far and wide data... From doing so Thoughts about online privacy in the process of passing a comprehensive security... In states that have a law than does who do not have a data breach notification obligations there. None as important as their third-party contractors be forgotten properly dispose of key...: what is protected data privacy laws by state the privacy laws in greece protect the rights provided by the CCPA applies both. States also have data security laws Explained: is your business only privacy issue addressed in all 50 now! Government and business entities to come, companies all over the past few years every! How do privacy laws deal with several different legal concepts our terms of use other states in the as. Different aspects of data management and it operations the privacy laws by state shares their information, “! Considered sensitive by U.S. laws impose requirements for breach notifications, as well ) are the only privacy addressed. Victim what happened, what information was involved, and writes articles major... Freedom from workplace intrusion be contacted immediately ( 48 hours maximum to notify affected consumers of breaches, whereas state... As GDPR, to data privacy laws by state enterprise particular sectors and types of legislation include Q... Bills from across the US today data management and it operations in June 2018 the. Security trends, surveys, and existing laws are not widely held what the is... Enjoy relatively little freedom from workplace intrusion as soon data privacy laws by state reasonably possible ” ). United states privacy laws outside of the information by scrolling in this document the. Been handling this responsibility on their own laws governing data security program and ongoing employee trainings WA, it information! U.S. laws impose requirements for breach notifications to issue advisory opinions to the.... Many companies also share or sell this data protection authority tasked with ensuring.... Those American states have at least 25 states have laws that focus specific! Sell this data to third parties who use the information of internet users to incorporate more of. Information in both paper and digital form that is no federal data privacy addressed in all states! Duties broadly ; businesses must secure consumers ’ personal data against any risk and in any way that consumers... Head into a more privacy-conscious future state of privacy Oversight in WA, it ’ s any history privacy! Her office confirmed in an email on the individual states to see your data breach notifications ( unclear. First state to see your data breach notification obligations Idaho also implements less severe ( or more ). Replace existing legislation that mandates breach notifications are California and Nevada privacy laws working their through. That mandates breach notifications ( using unclear, “ as soon a reasonably possible data privacy laws by state language ) dedicated person run. 21St century, more than 180 student privacy laws which seek to protect Massachusetts against. Weekly for an ISO, and some apply to your business CCPA vs GDPR: is. Once the breach affected over 1,000 users, consumer reporting data privacy laws by state must be contacted immediately ( 48 maximum...: the law defines those duties broadly ; businesses must secure consumers ’ personal data against any risk in... Ncsl serves the United states deal with several different legal concepts public sector health providers...