Shared laughter makes friendship a pleasure, and Monarda provides plenty of humor in the garden. Cheilyctis Spach Monarda is a genus of flowering plants in the mint family, Lamiaceae. Find Monarda didyma (Bee Balm Bergamot, Red Bergamot) online at Jekka's. Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. Toggle navigation. Monarda are used in beds and borders to attract hummingbirds, pollinating insects, and insects that control garden pests. Bee balm is a natural source of the antiseptic compound thymol, the primary active ingredient in some modern commercial mouthwash formulas. Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. Flower color varies, with wild species bearing red, pink, and light purple flowers. The flowers are tubular and bilaterally symmetric, with a narrow upper lip and a wider lower lip. This tall, low-maintenance plant works very well in gardens and meadows, thriving most of all in full sun. The page you requested was not found, and we have a fine guess why. Species: M. didyma. This article was included in the 2006 Wikipedia CD Selection, or is a candidate for inclusion in the next version (see Monarda didyma at Wikipedia for Schools). Gray – basil beebalm P: Species Monarda didyma L. – scarlet beebalm P Family. Family: Lamiaceae. TaxonMaps", "Growing Bee Balm: How to Plant, Grow, and Care for Bee Balm", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Monarda&oldid=985937729, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 28 October 2020, at 20:59. What can you do? Genus: Monarda. Exposure: Full sun to partial shade. Ryding, P. O. Shop by category. Its name is derived from its odour which is considered similar to that of the bergamot orange. Scora, R. W. 1967. This species can grow up to 6 feet tall, and because of the red flowers, it is very popular with hummingbirds. Inflorescences occur at the top of the stem or emerge from the axils. [19] The genera Blephilia and Pycnanthemum are close relatives of Monarda, but they might not be the closest. Monarda didyma or bee balm is a stunning summer bloomer in the mint family. •Monarda didyma has a long history of being used by some tribes of Native Americans as a medicinal plant to cure skin infections, minor wounds and even excessive cases of gas. Monarda is a genus of flowering plants in the mint family, Lamiaceae. Identifying characteristics: Bushy clump forming plant with square stems and lance shaped leaves. Its overall lack of vigor, poor habit, disease pressure, and nearly non-existent floral display all weighed heavily on its rating. The slender, serrated, lanceolate leaves are oppositely arranged on the square stem, hairless or sparsely hairy, and about 7 to 14 centimeters long. Some hybrids have been developed to produce high levels of essential oil for use as flavoring or medicine. They typically grow up to around 2’ to 4’ tall and clump together in a cluster. Even when grown in a shaded environment, the plants continued to struggle. Class: Dicotyledonae Order: Lamiales Family: Lamiaceae ... Monarda didyma; Distribution Table Top of page. Leaves are dark green, aromatic, and lance-shaped. Gardenview scarlet is a common cultivar. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Monarda didyma adds vibrant color to gardens with average to moist soils, serving as an important food source for bees, hummingbirds and butterflies. These are generally not as robust as wild species. The Blackfoot recognized the strong antiseptic action of the plants, and used them in poultices for skin infections and minor wounds. MONARDA DIDYMA 'JACOB CLINE' JACOB CLINE BEE BALM, OSWEGO TEA, HORSEMINT A perennial that forms a bushy, upright mound. ssp. Class. ex Lag. ssp. Most hybrids are of Monarda didyma parentage and are easily grown in average, medium to wet, moisture retentive soils in full sun to part shade. The plants are widespread across North America and can be found in moist meadows, hillsides, and forest clearings up to 5,000 feet (1,500 m) in elevation. Magnoliopsida. Summary Monarda didyma was the worst performing bee balm in the trial. [9], There are over 50 commercial cultivars whose hybrid colors range from dark red mahogany to bluish lilac to multiple shades of pink. The Plants Database includes the following 18 species of Monarda . Species: Monarda didyma L. – scarlet beebalm Subordinate Taxa. Although many species of Monarda can be used similarly, the most common variety used is Monarda fistulosa, which is spicier and hotter in its actions than the common garden variety, Monarda didyma. It is a somewhat coarse, clump-forming, mint family member that features tubular, two-lipped, bright scarlet-red flowers … Prefers rich, humusy soils in full sun, but appreciates some afternoon shade in hot summer climates such as the St. Louis area. [10], The following cultivars have gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit:[11], The UK National Collection of Monardas is held at Glyn Bach Gardens at Pont Hywel, Efailwen, near Llandissilio in Pembrokeshire.[18]. [20] These are easily distinguished by several characters.[3]. Family: Lamiaceae. There are two stamens. The herb bergamot is known by the botanical name of Monarda didyma. Unlike most Nepetas that have a bit of a wild, unkempt look, this first class selection keeps its tidy, dense, rounded shape all season long. Monarda species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species, including case-bearers of the genus Coleophora. Cite this page: Tropicos.org. Monarda didyma (Bergamot, Scarlet beebalm, Scarlet Monarda, Oswego Tea, or Crimson Beebalm) is an aromatic herb in the family Lamiaceae, native to eastern North America from Maine west to Ohio and south to northern Georgia. Native … They are typically crowded head-like clusters of flowers with leafy bracts. Coleophora monardae feeds only on Monarda plants, and C. heinrichella and C. monardella only feed on the species M. fistulosa. Invasive Species Databases.. One or more of the features that are needed to show you the maps functionality are not available in the web browser that you are using. Attracts hummingbirds, bees, and butterflies. M. didyma has bright carmine red flowers, M. fistulosa has pink, and M. citriodora and M. pectinata have pale purple. Register. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. [3] The genus is endemic to North America. citriodora – lemon beebalm P: Variety Monarda citriodora Cerv. Monarda didyma. Most of the selections currently available to gardeners are hybrids of two species native to the eastern United States, Monarda didyma (scarlet bee balm) and Monarda fistulosa (wild bergamot). Even when grown in a shaded environment, the plants continued to struggle. Although somewhat bitter due to the thymol content in the leaves and buds, the plant tastes like a mix of spearmint and peppermint with oregano. More information about modern web browsers can be found at http://browsehappy.com/. Beebalm - Bergamot. Tubular flowers in a rounded or sometimes elongated head. Native Americans and later settlers also used it to alleviate stomach and bronchial ailments. The … Hybrids occur in the wild, and they are common in cultivation. Cherry red flowers, it is very popular with hummingbirds, pink, and light purple flowers the compound... 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