Records show eruptions in 920, 1612 or 1613, 1821–23, and 2010. Eyjafjallajökull (ˈɛɪjaˌfjatlaˌjœkʏtl kuuntele ) on jäätikkö Islannin eteläosassa. If you do stop there, make the hike to the top of Valahnukur, which is about 1.5 miles long. … You can also see a part of the ice cap is still covered in ash, though that is slowly disappearing under layers of snow. Here are some facts about Eyjafjallajokull. You should begin by describing where Iceland is and then where on Iceland Eyjafjallajökull is located. Eyjafjallajokull is, in fact, one of the smaller ice caps in Iceland as the country has the most voluminous ice-cap in Europe. BGS scientists respond to volcanic eruptions and contribute to the Scientific Advisory Group in Emergencies (SAGE). Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Eyjafjallajökull volcano emitting ash into the air over southern Iceland, April 16, 2010. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Make sure you don’t miss it. The former western extension of Mýrdalsjökull (Mýrdals Glacier), from which it is now separated by the small ice-free Fimmvörduháls Pass, Eyjafjallajökull covers an area of about 40 square miles (100 square km). If you‘re driving 4×4 vehicle we recommend making a stop in Thorsmork Nature Reserve. This name, Eyjafjallajökull, didn’t exactly roll off news reporters tongue when the volcano erupted in 2010. Eyjafjallajökull (pronounce: "Ei-ya-fyat-LA-yer-kitle) is a volcano in Iceland.The name means "island-mountains glacier". Weird sounding volcano, Eyjafjallajökull is one of the most famous places in Iceland. At Eyjafjallajökull, guests can relax in the garden or on the terrace. The Eyjafjallajökull volcano in Iceland is known to everyone because of its most recent eruption in the year 2010 that disrupted the air traffic in entire Europe. Updates? Eyjafjallajökull Map, showing Eyjafjallajökull on Iceland map. Locally, significant flooding was caused by the flows of glacial meltwater. Mt etna - erutions and response eshuttleworth. A 500-meter- (2,000-foot) long fissure opened in the Fimmvörduháls pass to the west of the ice-covered summit of Eyjafjallajökull. A large magma chamber under the mountain feeds Eyjafjallajokull. The Eyjafjallajokull volcano eruption time lapse, by Sean Stiegemeier. It consists of an elongated ice-covered stratovolcano with a 2.5-km-wide summit caldera. The former western extension of Mýrdalsjökull (Mýrdals Glacier), from which it is now separated by the small ice-free Fimmvörduháls Pass, Eyjafjallajökull covers an area of about 40 square miles (100 square km). This name, Eyjafjallajökull, didn’t exactly roll off news reporters tongue when the volcano erupted in 2010. It happened again in May, which resulted in the closure of airspace over many parts of Europe. Strata volcanoes are among the most common volcanoes. It’s probably become the world’s most famous volcano, after Mount Vesuvius in Italy. At its highest point Eyjafjallajökull Can you say Eyjafjallajokull three times really fast? The southern end of the volcano was once part of the Atlantic coastline. Read more: TV Show "60 Minutes" Captures the Eruption of Eyjafjallajökull Volcano. For Alain and Valerie, it's a catastrophe. The Eyjafjallajökull eruption produced very little lava, but huge quantities of glass-rich ash which was ejected into the atmosphere. It is located 5 km (3.1 mi) off the island's southern Atlantic coast about 120 km southeast of Reykjavik, Iceland's capital city. Even more spectacular views await when you venture into the fabled valley of Þórsmörk (also known as Thórsmörk) on the other side. Eyjafjallajokull volcano, Icelandic volcano whose name is derived from an Icelandic phrase meaning ‘the island’s mountain glacier.’ Lying beneath Eyjafjallajökull (Eyjafjalla Glacier), its summit rises to 5,466 feet (1,666 meters) above sea level. Perhaps you would like to go on a snowmobile tour on the ice cap and see the crater, which also offers you a great view of southern part of Iceland. It most recently erupted in 2010. Corrections? On March 20, 2010, Eyjafjallajökull volcano erupted for the first time since 1821. 2010 eruption of Eyjafjallajökull revisited TonyCassidy. Have you tried it? Sen alla on jäätikön mukaan nimetty Eyjafjallajökull-niminen tulivuori, joka on purkautunut vuosina 920, 1612, 1821–1823 ja 2010.. Jäätikkö kuuluu Islannin korkeimpiin; sen korkein huippu kohoaa 1 666 metriin. Eyjafjallajökull (pronounced [ˈɛɪjaˌfjatl̥aˌjœːkʏtl] ()) is one of Iceland's smaller ice caps located in the far south of the island.Situated to the north of Skógar and to the west of the larger ice cap Mýrdalsjökull, Eyjafjallajökull covers the caldera of a volcano 1,666 m (5,466 ft) high, which has erupted relatively frequently since the last ice age. Þegar gaus árið 1821 stóð gosið til ársins 1823. There aren’t many non-Icelanders that can, but all the more respect to those who can, right? The sea gradually moved about 5km south. Directed by Alexandre Coffre. } Iceland eruption Mrs Coles. Mount pinatubo case study Ruth1618. Not far from Eyjafjallajokull volcano is a very nice museum dedicated to the volcanoes in Iceland, called Lava center. There are many words in Icelandic that sound strange and alien to native English speakers. Continue towards the glaciers Eyjafjallajokull admiring the surrounding panorama. At its highest point Eyjafjallajökull rises to 5,466 feet (1,666 metres) above sea level. The volcano is a part of the chain of volcanoes that stretch across Iceland, including volcanoes like Hekla, Katla and Grimsvotn. More of his work here: http://vimeo.com/sstiegMusic: Jonsi - Kolnidur The ice cap covers an area of about 100 square kilometres (39 sq mi) and it has many outlet glaciers. This site uses cookies. Most of Eyjafjallajökull’s historical eruptions have been known to be quite explosive as the volcano is fed by a magma chamber that rests under the mountain. It has a crater 3–4 kilometres (1.9–2.5 mi) in diameter that opens to the north. Searchable Map of Eyjafjallajökull using Google Earth Data Satellite View is showing Eyjafjallajökull one of the smaller glaciers of Iceland. Eyjafjallajokull consists of a volcano which is completely covered by an ice cap. Then, fjalla which means mountains, and last jökull, which means glacier. Different parts of the name mean […] listeners: [], Driving along the South Shore brings you close to the volcano. It is made up of basalt and andesite lavas. By comparison, Hekla is a mere infant at just 8800 years of age. Sign up for our newsletter and receive special offers and deals (function() { The eruption in Eyjafjallajökull continued until May 22, attracting world attention. It’s destructive force and power to disrupt remind us of the awesome natural forces that Iceland is both blessed and burdened with. The on site bar hosts karaoke nights and offers evening entertainment. You will see many volcanoes tower over the southern part of Iceland, among them mt. First, Eyja which means islands, but that refers to the Vestmannaeyjar Islands just off Iceland‘s coast. Eyjafjallajökull is one of the few stratovolcanoes found in Iceland. Eyjafjallajökull is an elongated structure somewhat resembling a shield volcano, which is about 25 km long from E-W and 20 km wide from N-S with a relatively flat top containing an eliptical summit crater with a diammeter of between 2 and 3 km. Eyjafjallajokull and neighbouring Myrdalsjokull dominate the landscape in South-Iceland and can be seen miles away. First, Eyja which means islands, but that refers to the Vestmannaeyjar Islands just off Iceland‘s coast. Here, you can read more Eyjafjallajökull facts. The main outlet glaciers are to the north: Gigjokull that flows into Lonid, and Steinholtsjokull which flows into Steinholtslon. There you can find Hellisheidi Geothermal Plant, which is visible from the road. You know the one! The main outlet glaciers are to the north: Gígjökull, flowing into Lónið, and Steinholtsjökull, flowing into Steinholtslón. This means that there is an ice cap that covers a caldera of a volcano – meaning that a glacier has the ability to erupt! Most of us know the name Eyjafjallajökull for exactly this reason. ouça) é um dos glaciares português europeu ou geleiras português brasileiro de menores dimensões da Islândia. Eyjafjallajökull volcano represents something bigger. Situated in the south west of Iceland, Eyjafjallajokull is an 800,000 year old volcano with an almost unpronounceable name that was thrust into the limelight when it erupted in 2010… causing an ash cloud that grounded aviation in the northern hemisphere.It is reckoned to be the oldest active strato volcano on the island. On May 23rd, the London Volcanic Ash Advisory Commission declared the eruption to have stopped. The volcano continued to have several earthquakes daily, with volcanologists watching the mountain closely. The volcano has erupted relatively frequently since the last glacial period, most recently in 2010. On March 20, 2010 Eyjafjallajokull began spewing molten lava in an uninhabited area in south Iceland, after being dormant for 180 years. That led to air traffic disruption in North-West Europe. This second eruption threw volcanic ash several kilometers up in the atmosphere. Eyjafjallajökull, English Eyjafjalla Glacier, glacier, southern Iceland. It began erupting again on April 14 and sent wandering ash plumes into the skies that over the next several days spread and disrupted air traffic across northern and central Europe, the ash clouds posing a threat to aircraft engines. Eyjafjallajokull and Katla, neighbouring volcanoes, are believed to be related. } The mountain itself stands 1,651 metres (5,417 ft) at its highest point. With Valérie Bonneton, Dany Boon, Denis Ménochet, Albert Delpy. The name comes from the Icelandic language and consists of "ey" - island "fjäll - hora. About Eyjafjallajokull Glacier. Skógafoss is also the starting point of the 25 kilometre Fimmvörðuháls walking track, across Eyjafjallajökull … The chamber derives magma from the tectonic divergence of the Mid-Atlantic ridge. Eyjafjallajokull is one of the smaller ice caps of Iceland. Thórsmörk – The back garden of Eyjafjallajökull. Eyjafjallajökull, lying in south-west of Iceland, is a volcano covered by an ice cap. So the compound itself means the Glacier on Island Mountains, which is rather transparent, don’t you think? Omissions? Eyjafjallajokull volcano is located in southern Iceland under Eyjafjallajökull icecap. The Exhibition is at Þorvaldseyri visitor center, which is a family run exhibition about this massive and intersting volcano. It can be timed because the seismometers at Kirkjubæjarklausturmonitored … Please note that we charge for tours in Euros (EUR). Gos hófst svo á Fimmvörðuhálsi þann 20. Eyjafjallajökull is now entirely safe to visit and is seen on most tours of the South Coast in clear weather. Eyjafjallajökull is a stratovolcano and it’s veins follow an East-West direction. The signature at Eyjafjallajökull is a concentrated circle without a river of lava, supporting the Icelandic Coast Guard’s observation that lava had not started to flow from the volcano. Just a quick tip, perhaps you should try this first alone, for even seasoned news reporters seemed to struggle with it. The ice cap of Eyjafjallajokull covers an … Eyjafjallajökull, glacier, southern Iceland. In the town of Hvolsvöllur, there is a visitor’s centre on the volcano, which focuses on the experience of one family whose farm, Þorvaldseyri, was one of the many destroyed by the floods, lava and ash. Eruptions of Eyjafjallajokull have usually been followed by eruptions of the volcanoe Katla, which is a far larger and more powerful volcano than Eyjafjallajokull. The south end of the mountain was once part of the coastline of the Atlantic ocean. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Check out our complete guide to the South Coast. })(); Iceland Travel 2020 © - All Rights Reserved - Skógarhlíð 12 - 105 Reykjavík, Iceland, Blue Lagoon Transfer with Comfort admission, Click for more information on Iceland Travel and COVID-19, Thorsmork Valley and Eyjafjallajokull Volcano Sight. Here are a few great tours we recommend where you can explore Eyjafjallajokull to the fullest: Explore the South Shore in a Super-jeep and get closer to the area of the magnificent 2010 Eyjafjallajokull eruption. forms : { } How to say Eyjafjallajökull in English? Today the aftermath of the volcanic eruption can be seen in Thorsmork Glacier Valley, the natural oasis that lies just behind the volcano. Öll þessi gos hafa verið frekar lítil. As of August 2010, Eyjafjallajökull was dormant. In the past, the UK has been affected by volcanic eruptions in Iceland, the most notable being the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull and 2011 Grímsvötn eruptions, which resulted in disruption of air traffic in the North Atlantic and Europe. The whole neighborhood is immediately began to evacuate. Hekla and mt. As former president, Olafur Ragnar Grimsson, said referring to Katla: “You ain’t seen nothing yet!”. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/place/Eyjafjallajokull, Academia - Ice & Fire: The Volcanic Eruption of Eyjafjallajökull. A day to discover the beautiful Thorsmork Natural Reserve on board of a Super Jeep and crossing some rugged terrains in South Iceland. Then, fjalla which means mountains, and last jökull, which means glacier. Katla, which are both active and powerful volcanoes. The towering glacier-capped strato volcano Eyjafjallajokull is probably the most famous volcano in the world today. Its unusual and difficult to pronounce name comes from the combination of various words with different meanings. Using the embedded map above write a detailed description of Eyjafjallajökull’s location. Iceland—the Land of Fire and Ice—boasts bubbling mud pools and frozen glaciers, and many of the most impressive natural attractions lie along the country’s southern shores. It is one of the oldest stratovolcanoes Eyjafjallajökull is a stratovolcano. The word is a compound of three different words. Eyjafjallajökull 2010 The 2010 eruptions of Eyjafjallajökull are a series of major volcanic events at Eyjafjallajökull in Iceland which caused significant disruption to air travel across western and northern Europe in 2010. On April 14th, 2010, after a brief intermission, the volcano resumed erupting from the top crater in the center of the glacier. The ash plume could be seen from miles away. Eyjafjallajokull is a volcano that is entirely covered by an ice cap. Eyjafjallajökull is actually a glacier. Fissure-fed lava flows occur on both the E and W flanks, but are more prominent on the western side. It is the right name of the volcano, but only the top of the ice, under which the hidden volcano Eyjafjall. In the summer the waterfall can be a bit crowded, just as Skogarfoss waterfall, since both are popular tourist attractions. Eyjafjallajokull is a strato volcano. You can find it in Hvolsvollur village. Eyjafjallajökull AFI:[ 'ei.jaˌfjatl.aˌjœ.kʏtl ] (eia-fiátla-iocutl) (? You can try it for yourself, it isn’t so hard to pronounce if you just follow this simple guide. The eruption also created electrical storms. The word is a compound of three different words. The hike offers a superb and panoramic view of the surrounding mountains and Thorsmork Valley. The renewed eruption caused massive flooding, which required an evacuation of 800 people. Eyjafjallajokull is between the two, standing high not far from the village Hvolsvollur, where you can visit the beautiful Saga center. If you follow Road 1 eastwards along the South Shore you will eventually pass a great exhibition, where you can learn a great deal about the 2010 eruption. event : event, For travelers around the world, the eruption of the Icelandic volcano Eyjafjallajökull is a downer. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Yes, there are over 130 active volcanoes in Iceland, and you can see them and the effect they’ve had on the land almost everywhere. Due to the glacier on top of Eyjafjallajokull eruptions are explosive and contain much ash. }); It is more than worth it, since the small valley is beautiful, serene and peaceful. 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