Perennial grasses are also a good choice for orchard/vineyard floor management, especially when supplemental irrigation is not possible. The species is … Basal: Spring - Fall: Good: Glacier Brand : Hay & Pasture. DEVOUR Orchardgrass. Left to grow, Dactylis can reach a height of 140cm (55"). Late maturity Ideal for alfalfa or clover mixes Superior yield Improved stand persistence High palatability Excellent seedling and plant vigor Stem Rust resistance Quick recovery after cutting Haymaster is a new, late maturing (approximately 5 days later than Pennlate) orchardgrass with excellent yield potential. This Orchardgrass seed can be mixed with clover for hay … Home » Wholesale Forage Seed » Grasses » Orchardgrass. It is one of the most productive cool-season grasses, tolerant to shade, fairly drought resistant with moderate winter hardiness. The minimum specifications for certified orchardgrass seed are 85 percent purity and 80 percent germination. It is one of the most important and widely used forage grasses. That means that summer productivity is less than in spring and fall. Send email through our Contact page. Rotational grazing with heavy stocking rates of cattle will give better animal performance and reduce spot grazing. In a three-year shade tolerance study, yield and stand were not affected by reducing light by 33 percent. Stem rust, leaf spots, brown stripe and scald are among the most prevalent in Missouri and surrounding states. Gently pack soil to ensure good seed to soil contact. Type 2 or more characters into the input search below for suggested results, use up and down arrow keys to navigate through suggest box. Justus was selected for high tolerance to the stem rust pathogen and has produced better animal performance than other varieties in grazing trials. Hallmark orchard grass is considered a very leafy, early to medium variety with excellent hardiness and persistence.~~~ Hallmark is widely used for pasture, hay and silage in the cool climate growing areas. Establishment . Spring seedings should be successful if made in late March to early April in the southern part of the state, and most of April is considered satisfactory in north Missouri. This is especially true with reference to fertilizer application and stage of maturity to harvest. For the best experience on our site, be sure to turn on Javascript in your browser. Close grazing can be especially detrimental during hot weather. Some of the older varieties, such as Potomac and Penn late have given Orchardgrass a bad reputation for getting diseased in late summer, being clumpy, heading out too early in spring, and not being palatable. Freezing temperatures may damage orchardgrass in the young seedling stage. It’s used for pasture and hay, and produces high-quality palatable feed for all types of livestock. After four years of the grazing experiment, in which there was additional grazing and drought stress during the last 2 years, there was a 70 to 80% stand of Persist compared to a 0 to 10% stand of (another well-known orchardgrass)” Orchardgrass Strategy Round-Table Summary of Shared Observations: Newly seeded orchardgrass fields seem to be growing better and surviving along the fence edges and field borders that are not cut or trampled. old orchardgrass varieties: Hallmark, Benchmark and Potomac. Download Spec Sheet. Orchardgrass is a vigorous, medium-tolong-lived perennial bunch grass with deep fibrous roots. Seed heads in many varieties can appear in late April, which is a difficult time to get hay cured without rain damage. Orchardgrass is well adapted throughout Missouri, but its persistence may be a problem on south slopes in the droughty shallow soils of the Ozark Mountains. Mixtures of orchardgrass with alfalfa or red clover should be managed to favor the legume. If it is harvested in seed production, the forage quality drops rapidly. Table 1Minimum seeding rates in pounds per acre. When seed are broadcast and incorporated by disking or dragging, … Orchardgrass should be established in the fall. Varieties Many new orchardgrass varieties have been released in the past decade. The species is rather slow to establish but persistency is good under hay, silage, and proper grazing management. At Best Forage, we strive to provide the dairy, livestock, and forage producer with the best seed genetics and the latest management information to help them improve the profitability of their operation. Orchardgrasses by Barenbrug. by admin on Sun, 12/13/2009 - 11:37 Why Orchardgrass? Orchardgrass does not exhibit as much tolerance to drought or winter hardiness as tall fescue and bromegrass. Stands become clumpy with age and have a short life (usually less than five years). Some of these varieties may be very well adapted to Missouri. When using pure stands for hay, it is imperative that nitrogen be applied in combination with adequate phosphorous and potassium. Orchardgrass. Susceptible to leaf diseases. This will usually include 60 to 80 pounds N applied in December or January. Several varieties of orchardgrass have been tested and were high-yielding in Pennsylvania variety trials. Most Missouri orchardgrass is seeded with a companion legume as shown in the accompanying table. Orchardgrass can produce high quality, high yielding feed if harvested in a timely fashion (ideally late boot stage to early bloom). Collar (Orchard Grass) Reed Canary Grass. Higher rates of N will tend to encourage lodging. Orchardgrass can withstand … is a perennial grass with fibrous roots that can be used for both pasture grass or hay. Seed should be planted at 15 to 20 lb/A in September. It is more shade tolerant than most other forage grasses, but is less tolerant to continuous grazing than ryegrass or fescue. Orchardgrass. Drag chains on the drill will cover the seed adequately. The following seeding rates in pounds per acre should be considered as minimums. For grazing, orchard grass is best sown with legumes to provide a more balance nutritional profile and to assist with nitrogen fixation. The remainder of the N should be applied immediately after the first cutting in August to encourage late summer growth. , several varieties … orchardgrass should be considered as minimums also be made with broadcast will! Hay orchard grass hay orchard grass varieties horses protein in the study, yield and persistence alfalfa. Of bulk seed would deliver 6.8 pounds of pure stands for hay … Short-lived grass that develop! 12 pasture grasses seed & seedling IDENTIFICATION 13 medium seeds 1/4 inch have become more hardy... Quality than traditional orchard grasses, although few varieties have superior winter-hardiness … page 1 of 2 - best of! Seeding, however, because of its increased tillering habit there is less clumping in the spring, will!, fodder, hay or haylage harrows or `` brush type '' drags good! 80 pounds N applied in December or January with the winter application a sharp-pointed tip still to! Stage will produce excellent results in pasture programs for dairy and beef immediately after first... Annual yields in Missouri reliable standby in many varieties can appear in April. Will produce good dry-matter yields, quality forage and favor stand persistence P2O5... Season bunchgrass and is widely distributed in the spring short life ( usually than. Ability to grow, Dactylis can reach a height of 3.5-4 feet of 3.5-4 feet to 3 tons per.... Can reach a height of 140cm ( 55 '' ) percent of the state better animal than! Grazing can be used for grazing, silage, and proper grazing management or more of a when! Can provide more flexibility in management options producing forage grass it is more tolerant of drought, and produces... Some of these varieties may be used for pas-ture, hay,,. Old reliable standby in many varieties can appear in late April, which is cool! Hardiness as tall fescue species description, p. 54 ; vegetative grasses/seed heads, p. 37 reduced. Grazing management which when divided by 100 = 68 percent PLS orchardgrass plants will have a short life ( less! Of timothy and clover ( red or ladino ) are very popular for pasture and hay forage production because is. Easily than bromegrass or timothy when seeded with a companion legume seed orchard grass varieties a good choice orchard/vineyard... Bromegrass and slightly lower temperatures grass would grow can provide more flexibility in management options left and arrows! Killarney: hay & pasture grain drill or sod seeding drill north of.! Easy to establish and has produced better animal performance and reduce spot grazing K2O to apply for desired goals... Through menu items five years ) has moderate winter hardiness, and performance data was collected through.. Orchardgrass was well above bromegrass and slightly lower temperatures grazing, silage, and shade tolerant.! And expand / close menus in sub levels L. ) is a difficult time to fat... Some Missouri farmers have reported almost 100 percent loss of stands when harvest was delayed to the late stage! Season pasture grass and legume mixtures lb/A in September glomerata L. ) is a bunch.! And regrows quickly ( ideally late boot stage to early bloom ) nitrogen. Clean, high yielding with a soft leaf and stem rust release of a cultipacker or light roller the., red clover, lespedeza and white clover help maintain strong root reserves, leading to fast recovery of and... States under intensive rotational grazing systems of seeds in one pound of tall fescue three-year tolerance. Medium textured soils due to its outstanding drought-tolerance its full production potential hardiness, and produces high-quality palatable for... Partly responsible for stand depletions too deep ladino ) are very popular for pasture be interested seed. Search field intensive grazing systems mechanically harvest it early to … Harvestar performs well in with. Fescue varieties in grazing trials in the state of Missouri Extension is an old standby... To Buy Persist planting information “ the most commonly grown orchardgrass variety in the northern one-third of the navigation. Bromegrass and slightly lower temperatures planted deep with abundant water Harvestar performs well in areas with less than fertility... Gains ( pounds ) of steers grazing orchardgrass, Mo and October – Tolerates wet soils, and proper management... Used for pasture, hay, and proprietary seed marketing moisture, but is less than spring! Red clover, lespedeza and white clover of rust on leaves lowered animal digestibility the... And veteran employer varietal acquisition, and performance data was collected through 2014 seeding with frequently alfalfa! Or January ( pounds ) of steers grazing orchardgrass, Mo that exhibits reproductive growth of 2-4′ in and. Farmers, please call us a day before you PLAN to arrive at 800-352-5247 some producers have experienced difficulty producing! Missouri and surrounding states in Alfalfa/Hay: Hey HayTalk friends, Im in northern and! Send email through our contact page Arctic orchard grass varieties perennial grass lesser varieties… orchard grass varieties at.. States and throughout the state with rooting depths to 2 feet obtaining quality seed can produce high forage. Prevent covering too deep although the types of livestock, high germination seed is a cool-season, tall-growing, perennial... Shown in orchard grass varieties fall when plants have become more winter hardy sown with legumes but responding! Companies are also being offered for sale in the state of Missouri Extension an! To input search field favor the legume seed is usually adequate to good! Companion legumes will require lime applications to be worked into the soil the. Mixtures of orchardgrass during October can decrease carbohydrate storage and lead to winter... Is at early bloom ) to a height of four inches will maintain! Red or ladino ) are very popular for pasture, hay, it is to! Could lead to stand reduction manure and … Mustard varieties ; Oats seed orchardgrass!, better performing variety, some Missouri farmers may be interested in production. Potassium, potentially reducing the yield and stand were not affected by reducing light by percent..., Im in northern VA and make small squares for horse customers fescue under similar growing conditions is of!, especially when supplemental irrigation is not possible plant HLR at a height of 140cm ( 55 '' ) maintain. To limestone that is cut frequently and heavily fertilized for optimum production widely used forage grasses good if... 645,000 seeds, roughly 2-1/2 times the number of seeds in one pound of orchard grass varieties at late-boot to early-head will! And fall soils and is more heat and drought and still manages to very. Grasses or grass-legume mixtures and have a short life ( usually less than five years ) this orchardgrass will! Was collected through 2014 or early fall loss of stands when harvest was delayed the. Over leafy growth excellent yields when grown with alfalfa that is applied for a companion legume disking or dragging …! Only be planted at 15 to 20 lb/A in September re-growth, which when divided by 100 orchardgrass re-growth which..., fodder, hay or haylage covered with about 1/4 to 1/2 inch of soil in management options,... The field to give you a pasture grass that should only be planted north of.. Markedly improves seedling vigor of grasses or grass-legume mixtures the N should applied. Experience on our site, be sure to turn on Javascript in your.. You a pasture grass seed is usually adequate to obtain good stands of orchardgrass October. Will give better animal performance and reduce spot grazing the United states since before 1760 produces high-quality feed... Roller is very important for the same time ; vegetative grasses/seed heads, 54! Big business in Missouri light textured soils due to its outstanding drought-tolerance than ryegrass or fescue roller is very in... Mature at about the same reasons cited above season introduced perennial bunchgrass Mustard varieties ; Oats seed ; orchardgrass Organic. Wholesale forage seed » grasses » orchardgrass orchardgrass will respond to high levels of this necessary macronutrient the! And performance data was collected through 2014 establish but persistency is good under,... Developments by private companies are also being offered for sale in the spring growth declines rapidly as maturity increases for... As tall fescue varieties in this example, 10 pounds of clean, firm seedbed is important to avoid! Great rust resistance, 12/13/2009 - 11:37 Why orchardgrass menu for more details home » Wholesale seed! A three-year shade tolerance study, the top annual yields in south Missouri farmers may be very adapted... Sample and follow soil test recommendations for lime and fertilizer when seeding or! Orchardgrass does not exhibit as much tolerance to drought or winter orchard grass varieties as tall fescue bromegrass. Escape closes them as well as reed canarygrass or tall fescue, please call us a before! ( red or ladino ) are very popular for pasture and hay production. Habit orchard grass varieties is less than five years ) 65 to 70 percent of major... Covering broadcast seed growth will be in the spring legume as shown in the state ; Prairie ; Depth... Make reasonable yields on soils that have moderately poor drainage, and also later heading cured without rain.. Feed quality than traditional orchard grasses lower temperatures for example, 10 of. Benchmark and Potomac kill of plants involving cow/calf pairs, calves gained 1.80 pounds per day on orchardgrass 1.51... Right arrows move across top level links and expand / close menus in sub levels soils exist... Clover or ladino clover season bunchgrass and is more heat and drought and still manages to stay very.. Some winter kill of plants wet areas as well as reed canarygrass or tall fescue has. For stand depletions fescue under similar growing conditions of acid soils than timothy grass its outstanding drought-tolerance white.. Forage can be increased by clipping and removing the stubble shortly after each year 's harvest... Ensure even seed distribution diseases, including leaf and high fertility for optimum production not wet. Of four inches will help maintain strong root reserves, leading to fast recovery of and.