A second organ was acquired in 2002.[67]. [53] Queen Elizabeth Court, which was linked to the main building and comprised two blocks of three linked houses (36 large single student rooms), was built for the purpose of graduate accommodation in 1992. This time line introduces some previously-hidden figures, whose work may already have shaped your thinking in surprising, if little-known ways. In a typical Victorian red brick design, most was built by architect Alfred Waterhouse between 1872 and 1887. Let its story now be told [47] One house on Huntingdon Road is used to accommodate research fellows. More recently, Girtonians have become known for their chant of We are Girton – super Girton! The Women’s History Network is a national association and charity for the promotion of women’s history and the encouragement of women and men interested in women’s history. The exhibitions are free of charge. In 1921, a committee was appointed to draft a charter for the college. In 1865, with the help of Henry Tomkinson, Trinity College alumnus and owner of an insurance company with good contacts within the University,[6] 91 female students entered the Cambridge Local Examination. [93] The student-run and fellow-led Girton College Music Society hosts weekly concerts in term time, as well as termly orchestral concerts. The Board of the newly formed Girton Grammar School appointed Mr Jones to lead the new School after Girton College had collapsed with great financial debts in 1992. [105][106][107][108] Cancellation was then implemented and overseen almost exclusively by senior officials of the college, with all ticket holders receiving full refunds. [81] 'Hermione' is thought to be an 18- to 25-year-old girl from a wealthy background. The indoor-heated swimming pool has been in use since 1900. Finally in 1928 the design was accepted by all and the college was granted the following: We … grant and assign unto The Mistress and Governors of Girton College the Arms following that is to say: Quarterly Vert and Argent a cross flory countercharged a Roundel Ermine and in the second and third quarters a Crescent Gules, … to be borne and used for ever, hereafter by the Mistress and Governors of Girton College and by their Successors upon Seals Shields or otherwise according to the Laws of Arms.[111]. The vast majority of students cycle and even those with little experience pick it up with ease due to Cambridge's extensive and safe cycle paths. On 13 March 2020, the college held its Spring Ball, which was the culminating event of the college's 150th anniversary celebrations. Girton College was established in order to give support to women so that they could pursue education. In particular, they wanted to determine whether girls could be admitted at Oxford or Cambridge to sit the Senior and Junior Local Examinations. Recent graduates have completed PhDs in the history of twentieth century intelligence communities, and the history of disability in nineteenth-century America. Chorus: Girton welcomes graduate students studying for doctoral or Masters’ degrees in any field of history. [95] The chapel's organ is a four-manual, crafted by the Swiss firm St. Martin and acquired in 2002.[67]. [35], The Mistress is the formal head of the college. In 1869, Henry Sidgwick helped institute the Examinations for Women, which was designed to be of intermediate difficulty. [82] Before the establishment of the Lawrence room in 1934, antiquities had been stored in and around the college library. [84] The collection currently comprises 45 paintings, and artists include Anthony Morris, Daphne Todd, June Mendoza and Alastair Adams, the current president of the Society. Although we are one of the larger Cambridge Colleges, we offer a friendly community where no-one is anonymous. [86][87] All pictures were created by members of the Royal Society of Portrait Painters. With Woodhead, Cook and Lumsden, Wolfson Court Wolfson Court is mainly occupied by graduate students although 2n… [89] There are men's and women's teams for badminton, football, hockey, rowing (Girton College Boat Club) and rugby. (Whitelands College, now part of the University of Roehampton, was established as a college of higher education for women earlier, in 1841.) Emily Davies (1830-1921), the daughter of a clergyman, was born in 1830 into a world where women were largely denied access to higher education and, because of their lack of formal education, were not prepared for it anyhow. Formed in 1869 under the name of the College for Women at Benslow House, it was originally based in Hitchin, before moving to its current site in 1873, at which time it took its current name. The college consults regularly with the JCR and MCR on its policy of charging equal rents for all non-en suite rooms. [58] Named after Alison Duke, a fellow and major donor, the building was designed by Allies and Morrison. [5] Davies and Bodichon set up a committee to that effect in 1862. [10] This idea was heavily opposed by Emily Davies, as she demanded admittance to the Tripos examinations. However curricula, exams, degrees, access to degrees, catering, coal supplies, career structures, dress codes, rules and regulations - these have all changed beyond recognition. The annexe of the college was opened in that year. Though there had historically been resistance to allowing access to higher education for women, the college got its first breakthrough, following support from Trinity Collegealumnus Henry Sidgwick, who worked to allow women to sit exams in 1865. She presides the College Council and several college committees. et illis salubriter nutriti debitas tibi gratias pie reddamus. Bendigo’s Girton College had existed in one incarnation or another from 1884 until its unfortunate demise at the end of the School year in 1992. [21] By 1872, sixteen acres of land at the present site were acquired near the village of Girton. [3] They shared the aim of securing women's admission to university. 2010. Several art collections are held on the main site, including People's Portraits, the millennial exhibition of the Royal Society of Portrait Painters, and an Egyptian collection containing the world's most reproduced portrait mummy. [94] The college provides four practice grand pianos (including a Steinway Model B), a double-manual harpsichord and two organs. Custodi, quaesumus, Domine, filios et filias [11], The college was established on 16 October 1869 under the name of the College for Women at Benslow House in Hitchin, Hertfordshire, which was considered to be a convenient distance from Cambridge and London. [42], Rooms in the main site are arranged along corridors, which makes it possible to walk from one location in the building to another without going outside. Girton College, a constituent college of the University of Cambridge, is situated within the village. [43] It is customary for Cambridge colleges to provide accommodation for the first three-year undergraduate students.[46]. On regular formal occasions, such as Formal Halls, the two-word graces are spoken, Benedictus benedicat (May the blessed one give blessing) at the start of the meal, and Benedictus benedicatur (May praise be given to the blessed one) at the end of the meal. The Girton Pioneers.[115]. The lowest medallion on the right, portraying the crucifixion, is darker than the others, suggesting the darkness that was over the land. [32], Girton became co-residential as well, which meant that male and female students shared the same facilities. [79] A rare breed of black squirrels can sometimes be seen in Girton. Commencing with only 302 students, in his final year as Headmaster in 2009, a total of 1,075 students were enrolled. [114] It is used on the most formal occasions, such as the Foundation Dinner, and it is sung once a year at the College Feast, which all final year students attend. [73] Today, the gardens of Girton are large compared to those of other Cambridge colleges. [51] Wolfson Court was an annexe to Girton College built on a 3-acre (1.2 ha) site. Swirles Court, part of the Eddington neighbourhood of the North West Cambridge Development, opened in 2017. It was the first women’s college in Cambridge, but as of 1976, it’s co-educational. The oldest college song, The Girton Pioneers, was composed by several students in Hitchin in 1873. Davies and Bodichon set up a committee to that effect … However, to remember the time when women were not allowed to obtain degrees of the University of Cambridge, no gowns are worn during the college feast, when students in their final year are celebrated. Only one all-female corridor in which rooms were reserved exclusively for women remained. Although the college is mixed now, it’s a powerful reminder of how pioneering women founded Girton in the nineteenth century. The main College site, situated on the outskirts of the village of Girton, about 2.5 miles (4 km) northwest of the university town, comprises 33 acres (13.4 ha) of land. [85][86] Girton then won the bid to house the collection, to which new works are added annually. [36] Ever since the establishment of Girton college, this position has been held by a female, even though male candidates have had equal rights for running for the office since 1976 and would, if elected, be called by the female term "Mistress".[37]. Girton College. It ultimately received widespread media attention when it was cancelled by Girton College Council following the death of a student at the college. The bus ride to the city centre takes approximately 20 minutes.[49]. Over 15,000 students have studied at Girton over the past century and a half. Politics, Source, Women's History After the Vote – Post 1928 Women. [4] In particular, they wanted to determine whether girls could be admitted at Oxford or Cambridge to sit the Senior and Junior Local Examinations. [44] The red brick design (English bond) is typical of Victorian architecture, and is enhanced by black mortar courses and terracotta details to the eaves, windows and doorways. [74] They became a preoccupation for the college in 1875 when Miss Davies handed over the responsibility for developing the gardens to Miss Bernard. he emergence of women in Cambridge's long history begins in the 1860s with two events: the opening of the Cambridge Local Examinations to women in 1863, and Emily Davies's founding of a college for women at Cambridge, which opened first at nearby Hitchin (1869), and moved closer to the center of Cambridge in 1869, to the present campus in Girton, from which the college also takes its … Swirles opened in 2017 and provides up to 325 en-suite single rooms for graduates, and for second-year undergraduates and above. In this special feature we hear from Stewart Rosell about his efforts to record wildlife at Girton College. The words and the music of the full grace were composed in 1950 by Alison Duke and Jill Vlasto respectively. Also striking is a wall of photographs and portraits of early women of the college - both teachers and students - from when the college was at Hitchen. [48] Girton is, however, one of only two Cambridge colleges that guarantees ensuite accommodation for all graduate students. The two lights flanking that in the centre depict scenes from the Passion of Our Lord. Please like our Facebook page for the latest news and updates concerning upcoming GCHS events and lectures held at Girton College! Petrie and his wife Hilda wanted the mummy to go to a women's college due to its inscription. Girton’s foundation was a bold step towards women’s full and equal participation in political, social and economic life. [81] It is one of the most widely reproduced and famous portrait mummies. In 1976, it was the first Cambridge women's college to become coeducational. [12] It was thought to be less "risky" and less controversial to locate the college away from Cambridge in the beginning. Girton College is one of the 31 constituent colleges of the University of Cambridge. In coeducation. [19][20], Through fundraising, £7,000 were collected, which allowed for the purchase of land either at Hitchin or near Cambridge in 1871. Fol-de-re, Fol-de-ra-a-a-a- They are organised by the college's part-time chaplain, who is assisted by student chapel wardens. Books were acquired mostly through donations. Not unless you choose a boy-friend, Protect, we beseech thee, O Lord, thy sons and daughters and provide for the needs both of our souls and bodies, Girton College is one of the biggest Cambridge colleges, right next to Girton village and about two miles from the centre of Cambridge. The current Mistress is Susan J. Smith, who has held the position since 2009. Until 1976 it … That is why an ethic of inclusion is so important. In 1952, the year of the Golden Jubilee of the inauguration, a stained glass window was erected. College alumni are currently raising money in order to build a new sports pavilion.[91]. At that time, Girton had 80 students. (fn. The college has outdoor tennis and indoor squash courts, and a gym. In 1951 the College grounds extended over about 52 acres of gardens, playing fields, woodlands, and farm land. Girton’s foundation was a bold step towards women’s full and equal participation in political, social and economic life. It won a national RIBA award in 2006,[59][60] a SCONUL Library Design Award in 2007,[61] and a Civic Trust Award in 2007. Since 2002, Girton has held the millennial exhibition of the Royal Society of Portrait Painters, entitled People's Portraits. [26] In 1884, Hospital Wing was completed, and Orchard Wing, Stanley Library and the Old Kitchens added. "The opening of Girton College was part of a larger set of events in the mid to late nineteenth century that moved the subject of women's rights and women's equality more to the forefront of debate." Its sister college is Somerville College, one of the first two women's colleges of Oxford. [76] A 1983 report of the college ornithologists' society found sixty species of birds, and a moth report from 1986 recorded over 100 species. The early feminist movement began to argue for the improvement of women's education in the 1860s: Emily Davies and Barbara Bodichon met through their activism at the Society for the Employment of Women and the Englishwoman's Review. The college has a strong history of music, which is supported by the university's Chairman of the Faculty Board of Music, also Director of Studies in Music at Girton. The idea for a women’s college emerged from the mid-nineteenth-century national movement seeking improvements in the rights of women and was closely linked with the pursuit of reform in schools and university-level education. Main site Girton village, just outside the city centre. Among Girton's notable alumni are Queen Margrethe II of Denmark, UK Supreme Court President Lady Hale, HuffPost co-founder Arianna Huffington, the comedian/author Sandi Toksvig, the comedian/broadcaster/GP Phil Hammond, the economist Joan Robinson, and the anthropologist Marilyn Strathern, also Mistress from 1998 to 2009. [21][22] The college was then renamed Girton College, and opened at the new location in October 1873. Girton College does not own Swirles Court but leases it on a five-year renewable contract from the university. By summer 1923 the committee had completed the task, and on 21 August 1924 the King granted the charter to "the Mistress and Governors of Girton College" as a Body Corporate. [29] The decision to become mixed came in November 1976, when the Governing Body voted to act upon the statute, which made Girton the first women's college to admit men. At the start of the 13th century, the rector had a holding of 20 acres and 2 crofts. Another song, composed in 1972 by JCR president Anna Cocconi,[19] is called Song to Wolfson Court. It is a museum set up in 1934 in memory of Amy Lawrence, a natural scientist. [33][34], In the 22-year period from 1997 to 2019, the Tompkins Table annual ranking of Cambridge colleges by undergraduate academic performance ranked Girton College an average of 20 out of the 29 colleges researched. [84][88] The choice of Girton, one of the largest and thus most diverse colleges in Cambridge, to hold the collection is believed to reflect the college ethos of community and interest in art. [11] It was thought to be less 'risky' and less controversial to locate the college … Girton; Girton College History of Girton College. Girton College History Society, Girton, Cambridgeshire. [75] A pond, which originated from excavations for the construction of the Stanley library and the Orchard Wing, dates from 1884. Students at Girton College can expect to pay several thousand pounds more for the cost of accommodation over the length of their degree than at most other colleges. The college song I love to go a-bicycling, sung with the tune of I love to go a-wandering also alludes to Girton's 2.5 miles distance from the town centre. Also striking is a wall of photographs and portraits of early women of the college - both teachers and students - from when the college was at Hitchen. [82], The Anglo-Saxon collection stems from excavations on the college main site made during construction work in 1881 and 1886, when an Anglo-Saxon cemetery, presumably from the fifth and sixth century AD, was discovered. All students, regardless of whether or not they live in college, are also charged a £100 per term (£300 per year) "facilities charge" for the right to use college grounds and services, which is in effect a tuition fee specific to Girton College students. 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