However, although they may give the sources differing weights, most Christian groups accept at least four: scripture, tradition, reason and experience. Do you have a 2:1 degree or higher? First, from theseventeenth to the nineteenth century, the perspective of whiteEuropean males dominated the formative period of philosophy ofreligion to such an extent that it was hard to see how the distortionsof this long tradition might be overcome. We will discuss religious studies as an academic discipline, the phenomenology of religion, history of religion, the sociological and anthropological approaches, the psychology of religion, ecological approaches, feminist theory, and post-modern theory. (Scott London ,the future of religion an Interview with Ninian Smart June 1999 issue ofThe Witnessmagazine. ) Durkheim viewed religion within the context of the entire society and acknowledged its place in influencing the thinking and behavior of the members of society. Depending on the researcher’s perspective, it is approached in various and often quite different ways. Disclaimer: This work has been submitted by a university student. There are four main approaches … A criticism of his approach is that it is far to scientific and while starting from the experiential and emotional he soon slips back into trying to seek common themes within all religions. 4:1 (2015), pp. This research formed the basis of Durkheim's 1921 book, The Elementary Forms of the Religious Life, which is certainly the best‐known study on the sociology of religion. <>/Font<>/XObject<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/Annots[ 20 0 R 21 0 R] /MediaBox[ 0 0 595.32 841.92] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> 2 0 obj Reference this. x��ko�6��~�-bYI=���_I�K�\�A�:E����}������I��JZ�w\�jErf8��~bo�~8�8c��;9;e��.[��{! To export a reference to this article please select a referencing stye below: If you are the original writer of this essay and no longer wish to have your work published on UKEssays.com then please: Our academic writing and marking services can help you! Where suicide focused on a large amount of statistics from varying sources, the elementary forms of Religious life […] VAT Registration No: 842417633. Start studying Prothero's 4-Part Approach to All Religions. Which of these four approaches do you take in your everyday life, and why? Religion, we might say, is everywhere. The extraordinary range of methods and frameworks can be helpfully summed up regarding the classic distinction between the natural-scientific and human-scientific approaches. The aim of this paper is to give an outline of key approaches to the study of media and religion, and to direct you towards resources that can help you explore these in more depth. <> What may be the way forward in the teaching and definition of religion is to accept the singularity of each religion and each individuals faith and seek ways in which they can be accommodated within a safe international environment that moves away from empirical definitions. )Of course the phenomenological approach employed by Smart can be interpreted as an attempt of taking into consideration the individual experience of religion a at the same time trying to separate from it. Religion Which Of These Four Approaches Do You Take In Your Everyday Life, And Why? stream ADVERTISEMENTS: Durkheim’s last major book “The elementary forms of Religious life” (1912) has been regarded as one of the most profound and most original work upon Religion. So how would Aurobindo address questions upon doctrine say within the New Testament? THE ACADEMIC STUDY OF RELIGION To address the following questions, consider the four approaches to religion described in the introduction to this module: exclusivism, inclusivism, pluralism and empathetic interest in other people. If you need assistance with writing your essay, our professional essay writing service is here to help! Free resources to assist you with your university studies! Few people care to study or understand logic due to everyone believing that they are skilled enough in the art of reasoning. [���*��d��A3�@&��A�JV�{7?�����9��u2��;|����f����O�i�c6[���)!���������遜|�O��c�����K�MfS�_3X2��?�3���}9��M=���} 8�g��X/!p���3F��/�����c�������YϦ#g�v�R�2w�W���p9C)v S���TFAȉǿ���V2�"�$aK2�V���EQ*XEY�9��,K_:�P � �74J���0uv� q�Z�AE�{ �q��O�g�����QWہY)Z O#��d������4�iA��)�pd�lH.��4D5n� H������O���fz�&�C]o�H*0������f��a0�����>6k4&���t�cG������\��\�Y�%� �e�����`�$a(�2%M�́"6JS�TD��\��a}YOy���X �*�]]����2-�F�i:y@v/�����7��F�mp�b��1l&. He explains that such experience definitely will change positions on previous views regarding religious tradition. Can we truly compare two totally different views religion one very internal the other very visual? A 1993 study by Kosmin & Lachman indicated that people without a religious affiliation appeared to be at greater risk for depressive symptoms than individuals affiliated with a religion. The practice of religion can include feasts and festivals, intercession with God or gods, marriage and funeral services, music and art, meditation or initiation, sacrifice or … How might we study such a diverse aspect of human culture? Legatus, for example, is an organization of 1,200 Catholic CEOs and spouses who meet regularly and are committed to "study, live and spread the Catholic faith in their business, professional, and personal lives." Many say the etymology of religion lies with the Latin word religare, which means "to tie, to bind. %PDF-1.5 We've received widespread press coverage since 2003, Your UKEssays purchase is secure and we're rated 4.4/5 on reviews.co.uk. Unfortunately we have history working against us, as the assumption that studying religion means being religious is burrowed deep in our culture and impossible to avoid. In his own words: “Man is on a transitorily passage . A religion major? Also we can see the beliefs, symbolim and teachings of Auroville fitting weel within the above detailed classifacations of Smart’s dimensions of religion. Four advantages of a systemic approach to the study of religion Richard Sosis University of Connecticut, USA Abstract There has been increasing interest in the evolutionary study of religion, but perfunctory fractionalization has limited our ability to explain how and why religion evolved, evaluate religion… To date, a much larger literature exists under the rubric of feministtheology than of feminist philosophy of religion. endobj distinguishes it from other disciplines that study religion. The other is Sri Aurobindo who brought a change to the vision of evolution of life into the divinity of life. THE ACADEMIC STUDY OF RELIGION To address the following questions, consider the four approaches to religion described in the introduction to this module: exclusivism, inclusivism, pluralism and empathetic interest in other people. Our academic experts are ready and waiting to assist with any writing project you may have. Continuum International publishing group .2006. Unfortunately,there is no current consensus on a precise identification of thenecessary and sufficient conditions of what counts as a religion. The Ethical and Legal Dimension. Evolution-ism is unsurprising, of course, in biological anthropology, a major sub- ... pological Approaches to the Study of Religion. The scientific study of nonreligion has been described as being ‘under the spell’ of religion because the vast majority of research investigates nonbelief in respect to belief. Interest in the general study of religion dates back to at least Hecataeus of Miletus (ca. ... education" without indoctrinating young people or violating the First Amendment's prohibition of establishing religion. Study for free with our range of university lectures! phenomenology of religion is one of the major approaches within religious studies. Depending on the researcher’s perspective, it is approached in various and often quite different ways. }W:�~��}�Spo��P���H���%Pvk:+� Looking for a flexible role? 484 BCE – 425 BCE). Sociology is one such approach that this essay will be looking at through its founding fathers Emile Durkheim, Max Weber and Karl Marx. Registered Data Controller No: Z1821391. Second, in the twentiethcentury, once philosophy of religion was … (James L.Cox,p.159.A guide to the Phenomenology of religion .key figure ,formative influence and subsequent debate. We can say that there are different approaches that can be taken when studying religion. He illustrate the introduction of Phenomenology saying, a lot of opinions have been written about not only the physical interchange of races but;, also ethnical and cultural, and especially upon values, so what take place when religions and their tradition convene? ��E��e}���|���ABEEVr�R���yOyM/��f>�j��O��+�j����D�� The Material Dimension. Others have no clear vision upon their religious identity and are searching possible traditions, ready to meet their spiritual exploration .So they start looking for different approaches to their study ,bringing along different opinions and whatever the process and methodology is, will bring them information from which eventually they will find answers or give opinion. It is regarded as his best and most mature work. All work is written to order. endobj The Social and Institutional Dimension. It all depends on the person you are and the personal period of life you are going through. SIMILARITY: Media and religion The field of religion/worldview is a broadly defined area of study. Religion, in many ways, is a ubiquitous aspect of human culture. Wetherefore currently lack a decisive criterion that would enable clearrulings whether some movements should count as religions (e.g.,Scientology or Cargo cults of the Pacific islands). Religion and ‘The Study of Religions’ has many approaches which try to investigate the core of what religion is and what it means to the people who practice it. Question: To Address The Following Questions, Consider The Four Approaches To Religion Described In The Introduction To This Module Exclusivism, Inclusivism, Pluralism And Empathetic Interest In Other People. In this post, I briefly set out three distinct approaches to the study of religion: criticizing religion, upholding religion, and disaggregating religion. Later, during the Middle Ages, Islamic scholars such as Ibn Hazm (d. 1064 CE) studied Persian, Jewish, Christian, and Indian religions, among others. From its approach, we understand that Sri Aurobindo begins his work clearly within religious prospect, particularly his own relation with yoga, he explains; the practice is not for ourselves alone, but for the Divine; The intent is to find occupation of good in the world, to outcome a spiritual conversion and to bring down a divine nature and a divine life into the mental, vital and physical nature and life of humanity. These questions within Smarts Classifactory account would help to define a religion. The method used was to compare the subjective experience with the intent of shaping the arrangement of religion itself from within the structure. Approaches, Academic Study, Defining, and Questioning 2. Any opinions, findings, conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of UKEssays.com. Peter the Venerable, also working in the twelfth century, studied Isla… %���� 550 BCE – ca. endobj (Ninian Smart,pp10-12,Dimension of the sacred an anatomy of the world’s beliefs ,Harper Collins Publisher 1196) We see from Smart’s classifactory account, Smart’s perspective in sustaining a phenomenological perception to the methodology of approach to the study, is far different from the approach that Sri Aurobindo use. 1 0 obj (Stephen H.Phillips.p79,Aurobindo`s Philosophyof Brahman,E.J.Brill Leiden 1986), The strength of Smart can be seen that he does not wish to strip religion or faith down to one or two elements say belief in The Virgin Birth and the dogma of “out with the church there is no salvation” but his classificatory account makes it clear that it has many elements and strands. Such experience definitely will change positions on previous views regarding religious tradition: “ Man is a! 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