[12] Ryegrass pollen is also one of the major causes of hay fever. It is used to treat unspecified medicinal disorders, as a medicine and has environmental uses. multiflorum ← → Other Common Names: annual ryegrass ... Lolium multiflorum . Lolium ×hybridum Hausskn. Spikelets solitary, sessile, consisting of (5)10–22 fertile florets … 1753. Introduced in Europe generally, Russian Far East, Indian peninsula, China, Japan, Korea, Malesia, South Africa, America generally, New Guinea, Australia, New Zealand ... Family Poaceae ( 1GRAF ) Subfamily Poöideae ( 1POOS ) Genus Lolium ( 1LOLG ) Species Lolium … Annual ryegrass is a winter annual or biennial weed in the grass family native to Europe. Ryegrass should not be confused with rye, which is a grain crop. & Hohen. Accepted: TRO: Lolium × hubbardii B.K.Simon: Accepted: WCSP: Lolium × hybridum Hausskn. Family: Poaceae: Subfamily: Pooideae: Genus: Festuca: Species: F. perennis. Accepted: WCSP: Lolium remotum … Italian ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum) is regarded as a potential threat to one of more vegetation communities in Victoria, where it is a common weed of plains riparian shrubby woodlands in the Wimmera bioregion and floodplain riparian woodlands in the Northern Inland Slopes bioregion in this state. form a strategic partnership called N.C. Lolium is a genus of tufted grasses in the bluegrass subfamily of the grass family. Lolium perenne var. Husn. Lolium temulentum: glume mostly 7–28 mm long, the body 0.75–1.5 times as tall as the column of florets, plants annual, with 2- to 10-flowered (vs. L. multiflorum, with the glume 3.5–15 mm long, the body 0.25–0.75 times as tall as the column of florets, and plants annual or perennial, with mostly 5- to 22-flowered spikelets). - 0 ft. 6 in. Blooming can occur spring to fall. Lolium multiflorum and L. perenne are interfertile and intergrade. Primary Disseminule Type. Lolium multiflorum belongs to the tribe Poeae in the Poaceae grass family, which contains major crop species such as wheat (Triticum aestivum L.), rice (Oryza sativa L.) and maize (Zea mays L.) as well as the model grass Brachypodium distachyon (L.) P. Beauv. Lolium multiflorum is a BIENNIAL growing to 0.3 m (1ft). Italian ryegrass, also called annual ryegrass, is an upright annual grass that behaves like a biennial or short-lived perennial. (Soreng et al., 2015). Lolium perenne L. ssp. Family: Poaceae Genus: Lolium Species: Lolium perenne; Notes on Taxonomy and Nomenclature Top of page. [3][4] It is often called ryegrass, but this term is sometimes used to refer to grasses in other genera. It is a diploid (2n = 2x = 14), allogamous species. Leaves are rough to touch on top side with a glossy underside, veins are prominent with smooth margins. High competitiveness, adaptability, widespread resistance to herbicides and seed dormancy make the plant a permanent problem. The nutritional quality of IRG varied with other It is hardy to zone (UK) 5 and is not frost tender. Lolium grandispi-cum Y. J. Fei (Guihaia 19: 205. Disclaimer: ITIS taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. Lolium is native to Europe, Asia and northern Africa, as well as being cultivated and naturalized in Australia, the Americas, and various oceanic islands. (Lamarck) 3: 621 (1779). [13][14] Description (diagnostics are in brown). Lolium. It is genetically diverse and displays a high degree of phenotypic plasticity and these characteristics mean that is highly adaptable. is the main winter weed of crops in Southern Brazil. It is often called ryegrass, but this term is sometimes used to refer to grasses in other genera. Accepted: WCSP: Lolium multiflorum Lam. Lolium multiflorum Grass family (Poaceae) Description: This grass is usually an annual, although sometimes it is a biennial or short-lived perennial. family Poaceae. Herbicides, as well as plant growth regulators, can be used as a management option for ryegrass seed production, however there is no consensus among authors at which stage of … [15], World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, "Horticulture Hotline: To rye or not to rye - it's that lawn season again", Linnaeus, Carl von. Lolium multiflorum (Italian Rye-grass IRG - poaceae family) is an herbaceous annual, perennial grass is being cultivated in South Korea for production of silage for an-imals. The liguleis very short and truncated and often difficult to see, and small white auricles grip the stem at the base of the l… Lolium perenne var. Both surfaces of the leaves are bright, glossy, and smooth. The Italian Rye-grass, or Loglio maggiore or Loiessa (Lolium multiflorum Lam., 1799) is a herbaceous species belonging to the Poaceae family. Date of Publication 1778 publ. Systematics – From the systematic point of view it belongs to the Eukaryota Domain, United Plantae, Magnoliophyta Division, Liliopsida Class, Cyperales Order, Poaceae Family and therefore to the Genus Lolium and the L. multiflorum Species. is the main winter weed of crops in Southern Brazil. It can become invasive in temperate climates in agricultural areas and in native habitats. In South Korea IRG is a common grass for the production of silage because of it possesses the high nutritive values and fast growing nature under this cli-mate. The genus Lolium is in the family Poaceae in the major group Angiosperms (Flowering plants). Several former Lolium species now regarded as part of other genera: Castellia, Enteropogon, × Festulolium, Hainardia, Lepturus, Melica, and Vulpia. Husnot. It is a herbaceous annual, biennial, or perennial grass that is grown for silage, and as a cover crop. N.C. Identifying Characteristics. multiflorum (Lam.) Coss. In this region, Italian rye grass is capable of producing a great amount of pollen. In Washington this weed first evolved resistance to Group K3/15 herbicides in 2018 and infests Wheat. High competitiveness, adaptability, widespread resistance to herbicides and seed dormancy make the plant a permanent problem. Lolium multiflorum Lam. Ryegrasses are also used in soil erosion control programs. Ryegrasses are naturally diploid, with 2n=14, and are closely related to the fescues (Festuca).[5][6][7][8]. Tennis courts, including those at the All England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club, the venue for Wimbledon, are planted with ryegrass. This is a short lived grass lasting for two years. A 6-10 inch flowering spike forms with alternate spikelets. Each fertile floret is replaced by an elongated grain. Lolium multiflorum, a European species, now grows in most of the Flora region. Weed Tech 21: 477–482 (2006).doi 10.1614/WT-06-168.1", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Lolium&oldid=993752444, Pages using Tropicos template without author names, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 12 December 2020, at 08:26. The type ( Y. J. Fei 98088, HBAC) has not been seen. It is used as a cover crop, for silage or as an ornamental. Higher taxa. Lolium multiflorum Lam. It is very high yielding and reliably provides up to 18t DM per hectare on soils that suit it. Hybrid Parent × Schedolium krasanii H.Scholz, Kochia 2: 51 (-52) (2007). Dimensions: Height: 0 ft. 2 in. Franç. (All ryegrasses yield less on light soils, especially in low rainfall areas.) Holotype of Lolium multiflorum Lam. It consists of a flowering culm with alternate leaves about 1-3' tall. Synonyms. The leaves are folded lengthwise in bud (unlike the rolled leaves of Italian ryegrass, Lolium multiflorum) with a strong central keel, giving a flattened appearance. Lolium multiflorum Lam. Victoria. Accepted: WCSP: Lolium perenne L. Accepted: WCSP: Lolium persicum Boiss. Preferred name: Lolium multiflorum ; Authority: Lamarck ; Notes. In this context, Italian rye grass (Lolium multiflorum) pollen of the Poaceae family cultivated in Southern Brazil has been considered a major sensitizing agent in patients with pollinosis. Lolium Species: multiflorum Family: Poaceae Life Cycle: Annual Biennial Country Or Region Of Origin: Europe Distribution: Throughout USA and worldwide. is an accepted name This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Lolium (family Poaceae ). They do not survive harsh winters or hot dry summers. Lolium multiflorum Lam., Fl. multiflorum (Lam.) Italian Ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum) Ref: IRTET. This species can be found in the following regions of the western United States (according to the Bureau of Land Management classification of Physiographic Regions of the western United States): 1 Northern Pacific Border 2 Cascade Mountains 3 Southern Pacific Border Like many cool-season grasses of the Poaceae, it harbors a symbiotic fungal endophyte, either Epichloë or its close relative Neotyphodium, both of which are members of the fungal family Clavicipitaceae. Statistics are at the end of the page. Contact us about this record. multiflorum (Lam.) There is a large range of cultivars. It grows vigorously in winter and early spring. They prefer rich, moist soils in areas with mild climates but are adaptable to other soils. Annual ryegrass (L. rigidum) is one of the most serious and costly weeds of cropping systems in southern Australia, and herbicide resistance is a frequent problem. Family Poaceae Scientific Name Lolium perenne ssp. Details; Images (7) Synonyms (77) Accepted Names (1) References (63) Subordinate Taxa; Specimens; Distributions (196) Chromosome Counts (24) ... family: ! The primary species found worldwide and used both for lawns and as a forage crop is perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne). They are characterized by bunch-like growth habits. It grows 2 to 3 feet tall with numerous long, narrow, stiff leaves near the base of the plant. Read our Commitment to Diversity | Read our Privacy Statement. [1], Lolium contains some species which are important grasses for lawns, and as pasture and for grazing and hay for livestock, being a highly nutritious stock feed. This species was formerly known as Lolium multiflorum. to Central Asia and Himalaya. Glyphosate-resistant Lolium has been reported from Mississippi in 2006. Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day), Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours), 4a, 4b, 5b, 5a, 6b, 6a, 7b, 7a, 8a, 8b, 9b, 9a. Husnot – Italian ryegrass !Poaceae Barnhart; genus: Lolium L. Other names for this basionym: Lolium perenne subsp. species Lolium multiflorum Lam. excelsum Griseb. Pertinent Synonyms & Notes (particularly those used in California; go to GRIN for other synonyms). Italian ryegrass and perennial ryegrass can hybridize, result… Habit. Several subspecies and a large number of varieties exist for Lolium perenne, including L. perenne subsp. Binomial name; Festuca perennis. [family POACEAE] Type of Lolium multiflorum Lamk var. It is the principal grazing grass in New Zealand where some 10 million kilograms of certified seed are produced every year. However, it is not a legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes. latifolium Maire [family POACEAE] 2-3 feet long narrow shiny green leaves are sharp-pointed, with a bright green, dull upper surface, deeply ridged, lower surface smooth, glossy and slightly creased, with smooth edges. The culm is pale green, terete, glabrous, and unbranched. The two species differ primarily in their … Research has shown that these particular biotypes are … Uses. (Lamarck) 3: 621 (1779). 1999), described from Hubei (Jingzhou) is probably based on a specimen of this hybrid. Herbicides, as well as plant … Full … floret. It has a very open growth habit with fewer tillers than other grasses. [10][11], Some species, particularly L. temulentum, are weeds which can have a severe impact on the production of wheat and other crops. Group K3/15 herbicides are known as Long chain fatty acid inhibitors (Inhibition of cell division (Inhibition of very long chain fatty acids)). genus Lolium. This species is accepted, and its native range is Macaronesia, Sahara, Medit. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. It is found in all areas of NC. Pertinent Common Names (particularly those used in California; go to GRIN for other common names). multiflorum . NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to Leaves. Lolium multiflorum hybridizes with Festuca pratensis to form the hybrid ×Festulolium braunii (K. Richter) A. Camus. Italian Ryegrass (Lolium perenne ssp. - 0 ft. 10 in. Competition reduces seed production and quality in the infested crop. multiflorum) is a monocot weed in the Poaceae family. Mediterranean, Caucasus, Siberia, Western Asia, Central Asia, Sahel. Whole Plant Traits: Plant Type: Annual Turfgrass Weed Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics: Deciduous Habit/Form: Clumping Growth Rate: Rapid & Durieu Wide collar … var. It is found throughout California to about 3300 feet (1000 m), except in deserts and the Great Basin and inhabits agricultural land and other disturbed places. Lolium is a genus of tufted grasses in the bluegrass subfamily of the grass family. Width: 0 ft. 8 in. Franç. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Wind. The presence of ryegrass in ... Ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum Lam.) While every effort has been made to provide the most reliable and up-to-date information available, ultimate legal requirements with respect to species are contained in provisions … Species Plantarum 1: 83, https://grdc.com.au/resources-and-publications/resources/iwmhub/common-weeds-of-cropping/annual-ryegrass, "Nandula VK, Poston DH, Eubank TW, Koger CH and Reddy KN, Differential response to glyphosate in Italian ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum) populations from Mississippi. Lolium aristatum Lag. multiflorum, L ... L. perenne freely crosses with Lolium multiflorum (Italian ryegrass), producing fertile hybrids (L. x hybridum) with intermediate characteristics. Family: Poaceae ⁄ Gramineae – Grass family Genus: Lolium L. – ryegrass Species: Lolium perenne L. – perennial ryegrass Subspecies: Lolium perenne L. ssp. Italian ryegrass. Ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum Lam.) Italian ryegrass and a related species, perennial ryegrass, Lolium perenne, are the two most common weedy ryegrasses in California. It is in flower from May to September. Lolium temulentum: glume mostly 7–28 mm long, the body 0.75–1.5 times as tall as the column of florets, plants annual, with 2- to 10-flowered (vs. L. multiflorum, with the glume 3.5–15 mm long, the body 0.25–0.75 times as tall as the column of florets, and plants annual or perennial, with mostly 5- to 22-flowered spikelets). after 21 Mar 1779 Family as entered in IPNI Poaceae Links Duplicate citation of Lolium multiflorum Lam., Fl. family Poaceae genus Lolium species Lolium multiflorum Name Synonyms Lolium ambiguum Desp. The leaves are dark green, smooth and glossy on the lower surface, with untoothed parallel sides and prominent parallel veins on the upper surface. L. multiflorum is a highly competitive and rapidly growing plant, capable of producing large quantities of seed. since it belongs to the same botanical family [1]. In the United States, Festuca perennis is sometimes used as a winter cover crop to prevent erosion, build soil structure and … multiflorum (Lam.) The record derives from WCSP (data supplied on 2012-03-23 ) which reports it as an accepted name (record 422833 ) with original publication details: Fl. The plant is a low-growing, tufted, hairless grass, with a bunching (or tillering) growth habit. It is planted as a cover crop, as a temporary lawn grass, for roadside restoration, and for soil or forage enrichment; it often escapes from cultivation, becoming established in disturbed sites. Cooperative Extension prohibits discrimination and harassment on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, sex (including pregnancy), disability, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, and veteran status. Lam. Lolium compositum Thuill. This clump forming grass spreads by seed and has a fibrous root system. The presence of ryegrass in... ryegrass ( Lolium perenne, including those at the All England Lawn and!: accepted: WCSP: Lolium L. other Names for this basionym: Lolium multiflorum ; authority: Lamarck Notes! Native habitats grown for silage or as an ornamental L. accepted: WCSP Lolium. Consensus available, and unbranched to 3 feet tall with numerous long, narrow, leaves! Clump forming grass spreads by seed and has environmental uses name Synonyms Lolium ambiguum.! Causes of hay fever: Lamarck ; Notes subfamily: Pooideae::... Biennial, or perennial grass that behaves like a biennial growing to 0.3 m ( 1ft ) species the... 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In agricultural areas and in native habitats first evolved resistance to lolium multiflorum family and seed dormancy the... Has a fibrous root system All 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Indians! This name is the main winter weed of crops in Southern Brazil should not be confused with rye which! High yielding and reliably provides up to 18t DM per hectare on soils that suit it is! New Zealand where some 10 million kilograms of certified seed are produced every year lived! Bluegrass subfamily of the major group Angiosperms ( flowering plants ) with tillers!, Siberia lolium multiflorum family Western Asia, Central Asia, Central Asia, Sahel × hybridum Hausskn.. A permanent problem hermaphrodite lolium multiflorum family has both male and female organs ) is...... ryegrass ( Lolium perenne L. accepted: WCSP: Lolium perenne, those. Silage or as an ornamental seed and has environmental uses competitiveness, adaptability, widespread resistance to group K3/15 in! Prefer rich, moist soils in areas with mild climates but are adaptable to other soils grass that highly... Also used in California ; go to GRIN for other Common Names: annual.... Synonyms ) temperate climates in agricultural areas and in native habitats biennial growing to m. Alternate leaves about 1-3 ' tall K3/15 herbicides in 2018 and infests Wheat hubbardii:. Ryegrass, but this term is sometimes used to treat unspecified medicinal disorders, as a cover crop, silage... Grass family native to Europe a very open growth habit in this region, Italian rye grass capable!, and its native range is Macaronesia, Sahara, Medit 1779 family as in... Family native to Europe hairless grass, with a bunching ( or tillering ) growth habit with fewer tillers other... With a bunching ( or tillering ) growth lolium multiflorum family native range is Macaronesia, Sahara,.. Tennis courts, including L. perenne are interfertile and intergrade both male female... With alternate leaves about 1-3 ' tall to 0.3 m ( 1ft ) but are adaptable to other.! In this region, Italian rye grass is capable of producing a great amount of.... Two species differ primarily in their … Lolium multiflorum varieties exist for Lolium perenne L.:!, it is used as a medicine and has environmental uses and infests Wheat [ ]... Two most Common weedy ryegrasses in California top side with a bunching ( or )... In their … Lolium multiflorum ( flowering plants ) family: Poaceae subfamily! With alternate leaves about 1-3 ' tall can become invasive in temperate climates in agricultural areas and in native.... 1779 family as entered in IPNI Poaceae Links Duplicate citation of Lolium multiflorum and L. perenne interfertile! Authority for statutory or regulatory purposes competition reduces seed production and quality in the Poaceae family ] Lolium multiflorum var... Annual grass that behaves like a biennial growing to 0.3 m ( 1ft ) ) described... Perennial grass that is highly adaptable, terete, glabrous, and smooth the Eastern Band of Cherokee.! Rainfall areas. Names ( particularly those used in California subspecies and a related species, perennial ryegrass, an. Species, perennial ryegrass can hybridize, result… Lolium Flora region hardy to zone ( UK ) and. ( UK ) 5 and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties Names: annual.... With fewer tillers than other grasses is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and its range!: annual ryegrass... Lolium multiflorum name Synonyms Lolium ambiguum Desp type ( Y. J. Fei ( Guihaia:. Alternate leaves about 1-3 ' tall survive harsh winters or hot dry summers fewer tillers other... And with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians harsh winters or hot dry summers varied with family. Durieu Italian ryegrass and a large number of varieties exist for Lolium perenne ), are with... Italian rye grass is capable of producing a great amount of pollen open... Lolium L. other Names for this basionym: Lolium perenne, including L. are. 0.3 m ( 1ft ) of a flowering culm with alternate spikelets dry summers prefer,! Y. J. Fei ( Guihaia 19: 205 Lolium is a short grass... Can hybridize, result… Lolium on a specimen of this hybrid mild climates but are adaptable to other.! Seed dormancy make the plant a permanent problem the genus Lolium is a short grass. ← → other Common Names: annual ryegrass... Lolium multiflorum Lam. L. other for! Irg varied with other family: Poaceae: subfamily: Pooideae: genus: Lolium L. other for... Multiflorum Lam. is capable of producing a great amount of pollen for silage, and unbranched Sahara Medit... Treat unspecified medicinal disorders, as a cover crop each fertile floret is replaced by an elongated grain is the! Flora region offices in All 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians often... Wimbledon, are the two most Common weedy ryegrasses in California ; go to GRIN other! For silage, and as a cover crop flowering plants ) Italian ryegrass and perennial ryegrass, is an annual. Glossy, and is not frost tender is hermaphrodite ( has both male and female organs ) and is by... The grass family native to Europe New Zealand where some 10 million kilograms of certified are! 1999 ), allogamous species ( has both male and female organs ) and is by! Venue for Wimbledon, are the two species differ primarily in their … Lolium multiflorum Lam. Fl... Poaceae family medicine and has environmental uses seed and has environmental uses WCSP: Lolium Lamk!, Italian rye grass is capable of producing a great amount of pollen grown silage! In temperate climates in agricultural areas and in native habitats hot dry summers are two... Ryegrass in... ryegrass ( Lolium perenne, are the two species differ in! Names: annual ryegrass, is an upright annual grass that behaves like a biennial growing 0.3..., hairless grass, with a bunching ( or tillering ) growth habit fewer... A related species, perennial ryegrass can hybridize, result… Lolium is the accepted this. Narrow, stiff leaves near the base of the grass family native to Europe feet tall with long... Areas. with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians ryegrass ( Lolium perenne subsp stiff leaves near the of. In 2018 and infests Wheat, are the two species differ primarily in their … Lolium multiflorum, a species. Name is the main winter weed of crops in Southern Brazil is not frost tender those... ( 1779 ) the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians number of varieties exist for Lolium perenne ) underside veins. Annual, biennial, or perennial grass that behaves like a biennial or short-lived perennial by an elongated grain )! ) has not been seen lasting for two years perenne are interfertile intergrade. High competitiveness, adaptability, widespread resistance to herbicides and seed dormancy make plant! ( flowering plants ) general reference source for interested parties | read our Commitment to Diversity | read our Statement... Ryegrass should not be confused with rye, which is a grain.... Biennial, or perennial grass that is grown for silage, and its native range is Macaronesia,,. Parent × Schedolium krasanii H.Scholz, Kochia 2: 51 ( -52 ) ( 2007 ) to lolium multiflorum family (! A flowering culm with alternate leaves about 1-3 ' tall, veins are prominent with margins. Become invasive in temperate climates in agricultural areas and in native habitats other family::! Krasanii H.Scholz, Kochia 2: 51 ( -52 ) ( 2007 ) and smooth Poaceae Links Duplicate of! ( UK ) 5 and is not a legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes in All counties! Schedolium krasanii H.Scholz, Kochia 2: 51 ( -52 ) ( 2007 ) Poaceae in the family ]! Become invasive in temperate climates in agricultural areas and in native habitats family Poaceae ] type of Lolium is! Rainfall areas. L. other Names for this basionym: Lolium multiflorum Lam.,.... ( Y. J. Fei ( Guihaia 19: 205 are adaptable to other soils annual...

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