Both globalization and competitiveness are governed essentially by market forces that force the introduction of significant … 1996      ‘Dolly’ the sheep is born in Scotland. 1984      The Apple Macintosh (Mac) is born, featuring a mouse & a Graphic User Interface (GUI) – as opposed to the text based interface of IBM & MS-DOS. The 21st century didn’t start in the year 2000. But in the 21st century, it will not even double once – birth rates in much of the world have declined sharply. Poliomyelitis, also called infantile paralysis, had crippled thousands of children during an epidemic that hit the world during the 1940’s and 1950’s. In part, this is pragmatic. 2009      Twitter revolutionises the social media space with its 160 character messaging platform. Others want to build or buy the capability. The first automatic analog cellular phone was made in the 1960’s. When we think of work it's important to recognise that it's not just the place we go, it's also a thing we do. Karen Morris: We see continuity and dramatic disparity. Although the radio was invented by Nikola Tesla, it was promoted and popularised by Guglielmo Marconi in 1895. The investment community generally accepts that ESG factors do not conflict with superior returns; indeed evidence exists of a curvilinear relationship between social responsibility and financial performance. GPS or the Global Positioning System was originally developed by the U.S. Department of Defense (D.O.D) and Dr. Ivan Getting. The first blog site was, created by Justin Hall, while he was a Swarthmore College student in 1994. Digital Research released CP/M, the 8-bit operating system that provided the template for MS-DOS. This type of production greatly reduced the amount of time taken to put each car together (93 minutes for a Model T) from its parts, reducing production costs. 1879      The mechanical cash register was invented (and patented) in 1879 by James Ritty, who started the National Manufacturing Company to sell them. However, it’s another decade before materials allow the development of more practical devices such as the “Pebble” & Apple’s “Iwatch”. Previous cameras required the user to insert a roll of film & “wind” it on to the camera’s film spool. 1962      The first “active” (as in amplifying and retransmitting incoming signals, rather than passively bouncing them back to Earth) communications satellite – Telstar is launched. 1981      The laptop is created. There is an unconfirmed story that Hopper determined that an error in the early Mark II computer was caused by a moth that was trapped in it; she then coined the term “Computer bug.”. The first commercial compact disc was produced on 17 August 1982. The strategic story with its cast of three—resources, processes and values—romped through various thematic twists familiar to us all. The Nexus for Exclusive Insight, Empowering Executives to Navigate Change. Our world is volatile and change is certain. TIMELINE OF DISRUPTIVE TECHNOLOGIES IN THE 21ST CENTURY. In the Western, developed, world we have experienced what can happen when the health & education standards of the population are improved – literacy levels for those populations have risen drastically in the last couple of centuries. For a full bio, please see McKinsey’s website. 1867      The motorcycle arrived! 1907      Bakelite (also called catalin) is born! 2005      Youtube applies video to the social media concept. ... Christopher P. Skroupa is the founder and CEO of Skytop Strategies, a global organizer of conferences. 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